Group Title: sun.
Title: The sun
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 Material Information
Title: The sun
Uniform Title: sun
Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Sun Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: December 9, 1905
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 18, 1905)-v. 3, no. 47 (Sept. 12, 1908).
Numbering Peculiarities: Published at Tallahassee, Fla., June 23-Sept. 12, 1908.
General Note: Claude L'Engle, editor.
General Note: "If it's right, we are for it."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075914
Volume ID: VID00005
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33400104
lccn - sn 95047216
 Related Items
Other version: Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)

Full Text


Li #^

of Cartoon and Comment

If It's Right, We Are For It

I-No. 4


Single Gopy 5 Gents





A Story of Gum

ing a

True History







'omised To Take Naval Stores at Jacksonuville at Savannah Prices and
Is Forced To Divert Shipments to Savannah


ator J. P. Tall4ferro Spends Last Saturday In Savannah In Close Conference with S. P. Shotter--Coachman
Follows the Senator to Savannah and Confers with Shotter Monday--No Agreement Was Reached Up
to Last Wednesday Night, but a Strong Pffort Is Delag Made To Patch Vp with Shotter





In presenting this history of the important de-
opments in the naval stores business which have
cen place within the last even months, the final
Imination of which came last week when the
nouncement was made that Jacksonville would
)W BE AN OPEN PORT for naval stores, in-
ad of a closed port, I wish to say six things and
make these six things clear to all who may read
s amazing story of sublime self confidence and
D consequences attendant on such conldence UN-

By Claude L'Engle
OR PREPARATION for the great task undertaken.
These six things are:
First-The facts hereinafter to Ibe presented, were
obtained by a personal investigation at NO OTHER
INSTANCE than a desire to give the people what
they pay for when they subscribe to this journal-
correct information about things that concern them.
Second-The effect of the publileation of the true
history of the naval stores industry, Uha been care*

fully considered, and I am firmly convinced that
by placing this information before the peoipl, the
best interests of this (ity and Mtate will ie werved.
Third-The official announcement that .fIckson-
ville is an owpn port for naval stores which CAME
PANY, is an acknowledgment that the attempt to
make the city a market for this product has endid
in failure. Thin being the case, the possible harm
that may be done by this failure has ALREADY






nam why avamah will get the vast bulk
of *1kmanI storm ship~ents mOW that Jaeksonville

mh ae bot ope ports is found ain the
lT prelumsnaall comodlUties will
Ep| wM i r products to the pla0 when
-Pe maser.a
brf~u W ahtMtr prices wil pvall at

BEMN DUO1, 1ad the giving out of the facts can
mrult toting but good to the city, ti State
and the iidmtry. If the people are INFORMED
they seact with intelligence to meet a situation,
and guard agast future danger.
ulrth--It is the producers (the men in the
weds), who make the aval stores industry bene-
Sit ot the Sta dLi the sucess0 or failure of any
tr il paam 4 DthRS OB MIDDIwlMEN
i6 it0.0 of thMe t du*y itasqf.
t ie.d of motives* of nal
am a 0t1 itioa of Wtsl history. Those
w"W Og I e frankly say that-te Adam
t to te n bew at permit ma to deny self
Lt wpA k erf wais this Alstory by wohih I
ro tke Al wei eto Lave of thbir number,
fTom th e ute* o a osenhmasiler, ordered my
atrs thi s of the avenging steel.
t l do EaeIA that het hou I eoo* to
thpis o al. tirwis. I wouad nott indulge my
pmoeMi feelliOaNp f I not honestly eoovinoed
that it is my d*y a editor of a public vehicle of in-.
foeuation to inform te public of things that so
grtly oonerm it.
Last week thee was published a story that the.
Naval Stores Export Company, had sold its termi-
al to the Atlantic Coast Line, and that Jackson-
ville would in future be AN OPEN PORT fot naval
To the uninformed person about naval stores
*matters this announcement came as an 'ordinary
piece of news. I sU~0ted that it might have a
deeper signflmante a d lat Friday night took train
for Savannah to investigate. I spent the next day
and night at the a i4wledged and world recog-
aied headquarters for naval stores, and gathered
the facts that will be presented in this history.
It is necessary to o tudy the aooeptdd definitions
of open port and closed prt in the naval store sense,
before the non naval store wise, can get the true
signifloane of the deoaruatlon by the Naval Stores
Export Company that Jaksonville will be n open
An open port for paval stores is a seaport to
whion producers ship their products to be aold to
the highet bidder.
A aleed port for naval store is .a seaport to
*hinh producers ship their products, to be paid for
by a person or company under an agreement as to
aawma has always been an open port..
Jadsti le was an open port until the Naval
bl, mot Comn under the management of
Wu Walter Coachman eed o take
anll mMbertes shipp to JacksonvllF, Fe din
stA s-i at the pr quoted on6 the Sannah
Z4 o ade the day of arrival of the products.
T a ment wet into effect June lit and
fM rI IM until last week Jacksonvile .was a
To show that this announcement of the age
from a eloed to an open port atJasonvil hed
an immediate affect rd that the effect is to at
once dirt shipments to Savannah that were com.
ing to Jacksonville uaer the closed port arrange.
Jacksonville factorage houne is produced.
"Wet Flynn Har Co., Jaeksonville, Fla.,
and Svannah, ., Navl Store Factors and
Wholesale Grooers, Jacksonville, Fla., Nov. 21, 1905.
-Meesers. F. Hubbard & Co., Knights, Ph.:
Gentlemen-Thre i no loner a market for' naval
store either at Tampa or Jacksonville ; henee, we
will ka m to request tyou consign all your ship.
wnas to thre os at Ga. Sed ad-
vices to Jacksonville Yours truly,

vlle aa open port is an acknowledgement on the
part of Coachman that his pain to make Jackson-
ville a naval stone market has failed. Note words
of tr t er-'t is no longer a market for naval
1Ws lesr Indieates wher naval strewill go
wa er Jasuklagville is no longer a closed port
Wbstopess are bed. Agatn note the word in the
lMe~ W EMill' have to quest that you onsign
- |lyr shipmants to this company a


The situation has been given in the proceeding
lines. It may be interesting to note how it came
It has been a battle of giants and the wonderful
nerve of Walter F. Coachman stands conspicuously
out to challenge the admiration of all who love a
bold fighter who cares not for the odds that may be
against him.
WITH NO EXPERIENCE as an exporter, Mr.
Coachman did not hesitate to go up against those
who had been marketing naval stores for a quarter
of century.
COUNTRIES and with none at home, this bold
challenger hurled his defiance at those who had
spent half a lifetime in making connections all over
the world to dispose of their purchases to consumers.
With nothing but a bare million this young cap-
tain of industry gave battle to veteran comman-
ders who had uncounted battallions of dollars.
Inspired by the confiding faith of those he had
lead from poverty to affluence this modern Huroules,
hesitated not to try to overcome nature's obstacle
that prevented deep draught ships from entering
his home port to canry his commodity to market.
It was a grand effort which deserved success.
While the fight was waging, producers of naval
stores saw prices touch a gure that brought them
wealth in a brief time, and even in his defeat this
man may have been the qause of bringing victory
to many of bis followers, in that prices are still up,
and may continue so.
A review of the whole case carries the historian
back some years, but the reader need not fear an
attack of ennui, in perusing the lines that are to
follow. There is abundance of mental stimulant
in following the course of this battle for the com-
mand of one of the world's great commodities.:
When Walter F. Coachman lately resigned from
his position a assistant freight agent of the Florida
entral & Peninsula Railway, organized agout four
years hgo the Florida Naval Stores and Oomission
company, the naval stores industry which had not
out mua of a figure in this State, had commmised
to pick up. The timber in Georgia and the Caroli-
na's was about all taken up and operators in those
States had turned their eyes to Florida.
Befon the aew company of which Mr. Coachman

Savannah than at Jacksonville is that Sivannah
has deep water which Jacksonville has not yet se-
Because Savannah IS NOW a deep water port
there are located there seven large exporting
buyers, viz:
The S. P. Shotter Co.
Patterson-Downing Co.
Antwerp Naval Stores Co.
Nichols & Knight of London, represented by
James Farie, Jr.
The Standard Oil Co.
The Naval Stores Export Co. (Coachman's comn-
here is located in Jacksonville one large buyer,
The Naval Stores Export Co., tho the Savannah
houses may have an agent here.
The difference in freight in favor of Jackson-
ville for the Florida product, is more than made up
by the increased price likely to prevail in Savannah,
when six large exporting companies have headquart-
ers there as against ONE at Jacksonville, and all

This failure to make Jacksonville a market for
naval stores, and the failure has been acknowledged
by the declaration by the Naval Stores Export Co.,
W. F. Coachman, 'president, that Jacksonville will
in future be an open market; will not hurt Jack-
Jacksonville will soon have deep water. Given
deep water, this city's geographical position being
nearer to the greatest naval stores locations will
quarters iu 'Savannah to MOVE THEIR OFFICES
This has been the history of the move southward
of the naval stores headquarters from Norfolk, to
Wilmington, to Charleston and to Savannah, as the
timber gave out further north compelling the pro-
dueers to move south where the timber was to be
Mr. Coachman attempted to forestall the work
on the Jacksonville bar by which deep water will be
obtained, and conditions were too strong for even
his wonderful talents to overcome.
It is to be regretted that Mr. Coachman made
this attempt before the natural conditions were in
his favor, but his failure IS IN NO SENSE JACK-
uONVILLE'S FAILURE. The time is almost at
hand when Jacksonville will have sufficient water to
accommodate foreign ships; then Savannah will be
forced to yield her command of the naval stores
market, and Jacksonville will be the world's naval
store market.
and all others like him will have to yield in their
turn Just as Mr. Coachman has done now.

crowd with an attorney, to Savannah, was signed.
The new Export Company started out with a
rush, and is reported to have made a killing on
the Savannah market.
The following tables show the prices prevailing
in Savannah just seven days apart.
June 2. June 9.
Spirits 70. Spirits 60.
W .W -.5....................... 4.0
W.G 5.75 ....... ........'.'.. .'. 4.70


* 9

December 9, 1908

was made president had done much business, a
member of a prominent house located in Savannah,
at which place the house had been doing a success-
ful business for twenty-five years or more and had
become wealthy, visited Mr. Coachman at Jack-
He stated his business thus:
"Turpentine can be sold wherever it is concen-
trated. There's but one grade of it and if it were
to be concentrated at Jacksonvill, MiSa i tamp.,
or Key West, buyers will bid for it. Ru et sin is
a different thing. There are fourth gads of
rosin, and in order to market it s e 'lu one
must have connections all over the worl. _ussia
buys certain grades, Germany others, U lad oth-
ers and so on.
You do not need experience to handle turpentine
but you do, to handle rosin. I will handle all your
rosin. My house will put on a line of steamers be-
tween Jacksonville and Savannah on which to trans-
port your rosin."
This gentleman was very kindly thanked and told
that if he was needed he would be notified.
The company organized by Mr. Coachman did a
profitable business from the start under Mr. Coach-
man's able management. He was always buying in
an advancing market, and under the agreements
made with the exporting houses, had no difficulty
in disposing of the product.
Every succeeding year brought increased busi-
ness, new people came into the State, new fields
were developed, new companies were formed, auto-
mobiles and solitaire diamonds became conspicu-
ously obvious on the streets of Jacksonville.
Mr. Coachman's conduct of naval stores affairs
was brilliant and wonderfully successful.
The formation of the three million dollar con-
solidated company followed as a natural result of
this prosperity, and it was easy to form the million
dollar bank afterwards.
The producers were so prosperous that they were
eager to take stock in any company organized by
the leaders who by this time were affectionately
styled "The Gum Bunch."
The day came when the arrangement made by
the exporters to handle the product was about to
expire and S. P. Shotter who represented what is
known as the "big 4" in Savannah notified the Jack-
sonville crowd that the agreement about to termin-
ate would not be extended, and S. P. Shotter who
was spokesman for what is known in Savannah as
"the big 4," composed of The Shotter Company, Pat-
terson-Downing Company, The Antwerp Company,
and the London Company, notified the Jacksonville
crowd that a new agreement would have to be
It is claimed that Shotter was mad because the
Jacksonville crowd had backed E. C. Patterson in
the formation of an export company in Savannah,
which Shotter said was violating the agreement with
him, and made offers so low that he knew they
would not be accepted.
Whether it be true or iot, the fact is that no
agreement was made with the Savannah exporters.
Mr. Coachman then organized the Naval Stores
Export Company, with a capital of $1,250,000. This
stock was readily taken by the operators who Mr.
Coachman's leadership had made rich.
The factors in Savannah and elsewhere did not
take much of the stock. J. P. Williams, president
of the J. P. Williams Company took only two thous-
and dollars of it, but was made vice-president. Mr.
Benjamin Chestnutt of the firm of Chestnutt &
O'Neil of Savannah did not take a share of stock
but was made director. Mr. Chestnutt gave as his
reason for declining to take stock, that the head-
quarters were not to be in Savannah.
The new Export Company of which Mr. Coach-
man was made president commenced business June
lt, 1905, and the 'big 4" in Savannah, lead by
Shotter cleared for action and went into the fight
for business.
The newly formed Export Company, sent agents
to the producers in this and other States, to ask
the operators to agree to let the new company
handle their output The promise made to the pro-
ducers was, that the new Export Company would
take their product in Jacksonville at Savannah
closing prices prevailing on the day of arrival. The
same offer was made to the factors.
in Jacksonville at Savannah quotations meant the
saving of the difference in freight between the two
J. P. Williams Company insisted on having a
written contract to this effect, which, after some
delay and the visit of some of the Jacksonville

* ~0



December 9,, 1906


6.50 .. .................. .
5.30...... ..... .......
5.15............ ... .
5.00. . . .
4.50 ........... .. .. ........
4.50 .........................
4.15 .........................
4.10 .........................
4.00 . . .. .
3.90...... ...................
.80 ..................... .. .


During this interval the receipts of of naval
stores at Savannah increased enormously as the fol-
lowing tables will show:

Four days in June,

Four days in June,

Spirits, 8,210 casks .......... Spirits, 3,940 casks.
Rosin, 21,734 barrels ........ Rosin, 9,559 barrels.

stuff at Savannah quotations, and the Shotter crowd
were trying to prevent it from selling. Foreign
agents of "the big 4" were told to quote under the
prices made by the Jacksonville company, and they
The new company was not in touch with the
foreign buyers and could not sell, the it was forced
to buy all the time, at Savannah prices.
The load got too heavy about three weeks ago
and word was sent out that all shipments must be
made to Savannah.
This put large stocks of rosip In Savannah and
caused the price to decline an average of about
$3.30 per barrel for H and below.

A letter dated Nov. 27 was addressed to
stockholders of the Export Company of which
Coachman is president, calling a meeting to
crease the capital stock to $2,000,000.


that he had better look out for his rosin, for he
was liable to get caught.
For the past three weeks which has witnessed
the big slump in rosin, the trail between Jackson-
ville and Savannah has been kept hot with Jack-
sonville naval stores men going back and forth.
It was rumored in Savannah Saturday night
and in Jacksonville Monday morning that peace
had been patched up between the Shotter and
Coachman companies.
Whatever may come out, it is evident by the
statement published in the Times.Union last week,
about Jacksonville being an open port, that Coach.
* man has been obliged to abandon his plan to make
Jacksonville a naval stores market.
It is also evident by the official call made by
the company that the Naval Stores Export Company,
which started business with OVER A MILLION
MILLION, and got it from the producers where the
other million came from. Mr. J. P. Williams has re-


These heavy shipments came from Fernandina
and Jacksonville, and came from companies con-
trolled by Mr. Coachman who arrived on the Sa-
vannah Soard of Trade floor Tuesday afternoon of
the week noted. At that time the prices were the
highest ever known. Wednesday spirits dropped to
65 cents and rosin H and below declined seventy
cents. Thursday Mr. Coachman was again present
and the price 60 cents for spirits was posted.
It has been estimated that the new Export Com-
pany cleaned up more than a hundred thousand
dollars on the purchases made by Mr. Coachman at
the low figures.
But the aw company were constantly buying

This meeting took place last Wednesday and the
additional million is reported to have been raised.
Iast Saturday Senator J. P. Taliferro was in
Savannah. He had a conference with Mr. S. P.
Shooter which lasted two hours or more.
Senator Taliferro is a friend of Mr. Coachman,
a stockholder in the Consolidated Naval Storem
Company which owns stock in the Export Com-
pa" t Monday Mr. W. F. Coachman was in Ma-
vannah. He also was in continued close conference
with Mr. Shooter.
last July a prominent Savannah naval stores
factor sent word to Mr. Coacsehman by one of Mr.
Coachman's lose friends and business aoeate*

signed as vice-president of the Naval Stores Com-
pan following telegram was received last Wednes-
day. It was enat in answer to oe sent by me to
a prominent naval stores factor in Savannah, ask-
ing whether anything had resulted from the con-
ferences in Savannah betwe Sennator Taliaferro and
S. P. "hotter last Saturday, and between W. F.
Coachman and Shotter last Monday.
The initials signed were agreedon for the pur-
porn of identifeation between the Savannah factor
and mymdf while I was In Savannah last Saturday.
"Havnah, OGa., Dee. &-Claude -L0Mle, Jack
monville: Meeting productive of no result up to
last night. W.W."
(Continu on Twelfth Page) .


4 SUN Decembet 9,1905


The President has spoken to the peo- the way of favor or immunity, then those of our sister republics which need kind of honesty necessary to avoid fall-
ple through Congress and the message only improper but criminal. such help. Santo Domingo, in ing into the clutches of the law.
has been made public through the press. All contributions by corporations to any her turn, has now made an appeal to "There is more need of stability than
Among the utterances made are: political committee or for any political us to help her, and not only every prin- of the attempt to attain an ideal per-
"Yet in speaking of economy I must purpose should he forbidden by law; ciple of wisdom but every generous in- feetion in the methods of raising rev-
in no wise be understood as advocating directors should not be permitted to stinet within us bids us respond to the ePnue; and the shock and strain to the
the false economy which is in the end use stockholders' money for any such appeal. business world certain to attend any
the worst extravagance. To cut down purmpos. "Recent events have emphasized the serious change in these methods render
in the navy would be a crime against "That our rights and interests are imlpxrtance of ni early and exhaustive such a change inadvisable unless for
the nation. To fail to push forward all deeply concerned in the maintenance of consideration of this question (insurance) grave reason. It is not possible to lay
work on the Panama canal would ie as the Monroe Doctrine in to clear as hard- to see whether it is not possible to furn- down any general rule by which to de-
great a folly. ly to need argument. This is especial- ish better safeguards than the several termine the moment when the reasons
"In political campaigns in a country ly true in view of the construction of States have ween able to furnish against for will outweigh the reasons against
as lar aindl populous as ours it is in- the Panama canal. As a mere matter corruption of the flagrant kind which such a change. It is as yet too
evitable that tlere should he much ex- of self-defence we must exer(.ei a close has Niee exposed. It has lseen only too early to attempt to outline what shape
pene of an entirely legitimate kind. This watch over the approaches to this canal, clearly shown that certain of the. men such a readjustment should take, for
of vourlse, means that many contribt- and thi0 means that we must be thor- at their head of these large corporations it ii as yet too early to say whether
tin ind k(me of them of large sim,e roughly alive to our interests in the take but small note of the ethical, dis- there will be need for it. It should
must be made If they are extorted ('Caribean Sea. tinction. ,between honesty and dishon- be considered whether it is not desir-
l.y ,ny kind of pressure or promise, ex- "We must ourselves in good faith try esty; they draw the line only this side e that the tarif laws should provide
p.r., s or impli<{, direct or indirect, in to help upward toward peace and order of w hat may w called law honesty, the for applying as against or in favor of
any other nation maximum and mini-
.. mum tariff rates established by the Con-
greas, so as to secure a certain reciproci-
oS^ ^t^y of treatment between other nations
--- and ourselves.
-"O //"Our navy must, relatively to the na-
O'./. vies of other nations, always be of
1--'i" <.. 1 Xgreater size than our army. We have
^.**.y most wisely continued for a number of
100,1 years to build up our navy, and it has
S. now reached a fairly high standard of '
S..- efficiency. This standard of efficiency
must not only be maintained but In-
l creased. It does not seem to me neces-
Ssary, however, that the navy should-
t at least in the immediate future-be
increased beyond the present number of

"The question of immigration is of vi-
f tal interest to this country. In the year
S. ended June 30, 1905, there came to the
I..- im >* fUnited States 1,026,000 alien immi-
-grants... As I said in my last mess-
Vo V age to the Co resg we cannot have too
much immigration of the right sort, and
we should have none whatever of the
*-. wrong sort.
"So long as the finances of the nation
,t ,, are kept upon an honest basis no other
question of internal economy with which
[r '.! *V I)' \.Uongress has the power to deal begins
S' to approach in importance the matter
of endeavoring to secure proper indus-
S. viduals-and especially the great cor-
S-- porations-doing an interstate business
*'' are to act. It is generally useless
to try to prohibit all restraint on com-
petition, whether this restrain be rea-
Ssonable or unreasonable; and where it is
not useless it is generally hurtful.
"In my judgment, the most important
provision which such a law (regulat.
ova ing railroad rates) should contain is
1\\\ that conferring upon some competent ad-
*ministrative body the power to decide,
upon the case being brought before it,

41 railroad is reasonable and just, and if i.
.is found to be unreasonable and unjust,
then, after full investigation of the com-
*,"plaint, to prescribe the limit of rate
beyond which it shall not be lawful to
go--the maximum reasonable rate, as
*Wl) : go into effect within a reasonable time
and to obtain from thence onward, sub.
ject to review by the courts.
,i "Two points about the Panama canal
,,,. t have ceased to be open to debate. First,
14< \ !the question of route; the canal will be
-- .built on the Isthmus of Panama. See-
/ ond, the question of feasibility; there
are no physical obstacles on this route
I that American engineering skill will not
be able to overcome without serious difi-

lutothat will prevent the comple-
%6mW" tion of the canal within a reasonable
,I-time and at a reasonable cost.
"The point which remains unsettled is
the question of type, whether the canal
shall be one of several locks above sea
level, or at sea level with a single tide
lock. On this point I hope to lay be-
fore Congress at an early day the find-
"ings, of the Advisory Board of Ameri-

(can andl European Engineers, that at
my invitation nave been considering the
.. ... subject, together with the report o1 the
[y permison of The Savannah Naval Stors Review.] commission thereon, and such comments
SH ARING TH thereon or recommendations in reference
I~y ~mison o TheSliF RINGTHC AMMthereto as may seem necessary."

December 9, 1905


Receiver Harman has announced that
the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton and
Pere Marquette railroads would be oper-
ated without change of management; the
bonded debt of the system was alleged
to be $138,000,000.
Theater goers will be Interested to
know that the Court of Appeals at Al-
bany has handed down a decision which
Upholds theater managers in their re-
fusal to honot tickets sold by specu-
latots ott the sidewalks,
The Senate of France has adopted a
bill for the separation of church and
State. There were 283 votes with 181
in favor. No expression has as yet been
made by the Vatican in regard to the


The recent census returns of this
county may well cause its citizens to
congratulate themselves upon the ex-
isting conditions of prosperity, eslpe-
cially along agricultural lines, since
there are over 1,000 farms; but the fact
that nearly one-half of these are worked
* by negroes may militate against the
county in many minds. On these farms
76,043 acres were tilled. Long cotton
was a leading crop, but it would seem
as if the fact that it took over four acres
to make a bale, there were other crops,
guch as oats, for instance, that could
be grown to greater profit and with far
less labor, besides having a ready home




Has the north magnetic pole been
found at last? At Seattle an incom-
plete message has been received front
Captain Ronald Amundsen which would
indicate such discovery. The message
sent via Seattle was addressed to Nan-
sen, the famous Norwegian explorer,
who is at Christiania. The Amund-
senll party started from Greenland, and
the message was sent from Eagle City,
Alaska, which may mean that the long
elusive northwest passage has been navi-
gated for the first time.
'The popular after-dinner speaker,
United States Senator Chauncey M. De-
IxW, hash bid the Equitable Life Assur-
alnce Society good-bye-that is as a di-
rector, for President Paul Morton has
the brief note of resignation of the for-

As elsewhere in the State, the year
was an off one for sweet potatoes; but
the average fell off 50 per cent from that
of 1903 for some reason. The sugar
enne area was also light, the need of
refineriePs Ixilig a leading reason, as the
roil of tlte county is said to be of the
very lbst for cane, and Florida syrup
has a reputation for excellence all its
own as against the other Southern
The "goober" is credited with over
8,000 acres, anti is a profitable crop. It
will no doubt be news to many that ix-r-
haps 100.000 acres of peanuts are
planted each year, having a value of $1
per bushel and a total value of one mil-
lion dollars. Suwannee and Jackson
Counties lead in this industry.
Comment on the hay crop was recently


Df7 17C


f 0


mer director. Rumor has had it that
President John A. McCall of the New
York Life Insurance Company 'will re-
sign but Mr. McCall is reported to say
in an interview that rumor, this par-
ticular one, is not true.
In Wisconsin there will le a three-
cornered fight for the Governor's chair
is Governor' LaFollette has announced,
at Madison, that hlie will resign and be-
come Senator.
In Russia there is no let iup in the
strenuosity of Premier Witte's task to
control the critical situation which con-
tinues. While on an important mission
to the Province of Saratoff, General
Siakaroff was killed by a woman, iwho
gained an admittance and then fired

iade in these columns; the farmers are
finding out, year by year, that, given
prolwr attention, the native grasses are
worthy of more care and attention than
liats Ieen given them i tihe past.
The census enuPtierator mllumtions
"four-legged hogs," so it would seem as
if-within his knowledge-there were-v
those in his county with a itlesser number
of legs; but we do not find them in his
schedule of live stock.
In fruit the county does not minake
much of a showing; over a thousaidi
albmldoned pear orchards are reported,
while the curculio anid thl worm have'
played Ihavoc with the peicih industry.
Five years ago the county had 1,200
more nemroes than white people in it.
This year shows a gratifying decrease
of nearly one thousand of the negro

IV I 56 57 ^ .^

Selections of Christmas Gifts that
will afford lasting pleasure to the
recipients and corresponding sat-
isfaction to the purchasers, can
nowhere be made to better ad-
vantage than here.

Wide choice of all that is
best in Sterling or Plated
Silver for table or decora-
tive use. Cut Glass, rich
Art Pottery and Gold and
Silver Jewelry & Watches.







TA /? 70

AN spelaly b prIi fr the
IHiay S0ea0s

Each article will be en-
graved F R E E. Would
urge early selections to
avoid the rush.

0 s

w w w

Re J. Riles Co.
R IRe *

JA@UWN* ,I. 46 ,


three revolver shots at the general. At
St. Petersburg fears are entertained that
the revolutionists in that city will take
this woman's act as an example to fol-
low. Mutinies are not yet quelled ili
certain sections and in others new
breaks are reported. Premier Witte still
continues his negotiations with the Zeim-
stvos and appeals are made to tile people
to have patience.
Advises from Constantinople say that
it has bntw decided by the Porte to ne-
cept. in principle, the demands of the
Admiral Togo is Ato come here with a
llvet, that is on a friendly visit, and will
also do the same honors to England.
Minister (Uriscom, in Sun Francisco, sayi
this statement is true.

population. At the polls the white nmt-
jority is sixty-seven.
As a farming county. Columbia lhat
few supm'riors in the State. Soils cap-
able of producing all crops grown that
are not semi-tropical, throughout all[i it
truitful, undulating length and bremdtli,
it is also excellently watered, either by
bright running streams nid bubbling
springs of pure water or crystal lakes
and lakelets it may justly elaim
that all-important distinction-a well-
watered section.
Its area in squiliare miles of land sur-
face is 7112 or 50,8HO teacres of pine and
hlummock, almost wholly in the owner-
ship of private individuals. T.e wild
land ranges in price from $3 to $10 per
Miss Smith had permission to s'inid
Sunday with her aunt. 'Th Juniors
were allowed many privileges.
Miss Smith's roommnnate accoimlip llile
her to thet station. The elvious Sopihs
whlo rI'm)ied aIb)ove Miss Smlllit and NMiss
Itobsoon comnlllitlted on till' u11iwNtlM sitI'y
amtilloullt of luggage. ,Just Us the two
Juniors disappeared down the Ever-
grei'n pth Miiss nSmith was seen to toss
lher suit case ats she would a uImNskut
hill. Now ait suit case is heavy at th.'
lIst and if it is tossed one can feel
sure of two thlings, the ause is 'ei"mtpty
aIid the owner is light hearted.
The littlest Soph lionderedl long and
seriously, then imllmrt'ed thile result of
lier Impondering to thl other five. 'l'his
causedd much iggling, Isorr'wig of
trunk straps and keys, and thie purhims-
ing of heavy picture wire and a big hox
of mte'hbes.
Monday morning the little Soph re-
(eiveid a reprimand from tihe matron for
being found trying to unlock tlie glass
c(ases in the science room and later
missed n class, while she hung around
the bulletin board where Miss Smith
had left four notes.
WVhen the matron made her romiuls eat
10 o'clock, lights were out and ;ll was
qi,', t. A little later, on the nwold
floor, Miss Smith was arrangtni- -,an-
dies around a hugh cake, while Miss
Robson spread sandwiches and Cq(ened
olives with an ease born of long exw'-
At twelve the guests hail arrived aind
the feast was well under wiy, whi it
a tapping at tilhe window attractted th
waste rs' attention. lTer on the v
ranibi roof outside the open window,
with sulphuric flames outlining its aw-
ful frame was a grinning skeleton.
Out the door they ruslthd, elinginlg
together. Just at the head of the stairs
Miss Smith recovered her wits. But
it was. alas. too late. Back they has-
tened to a vcene of disaster-the cak*.
the glory of the feast, had disalpp'ar'd.
In place of the skeleton at thin window
there were two very earthly-looking
feet clad in gym "sneakers," while from
outside came in muffled tones to the
accompaniment of sickening bumps:
"Pull me up you idiots, they're com-
ing iack."
Miss Smith reahehd the window too
late for rescue, but to til. day there
hangs over her dressing table a small
gym shoe, with broken lace., and brick
dust on the toew.


4' ~ S.,

December 9, 1005












Florida' s

Conducted by W. E. Pabor


Every year, at the beginning of the orange sea-
son, "experts" give their opinion of the coming crop.
As the variation between the m.limum and mini-
man atimates runs from one hundred to five hun-
dred thousand boxes, every pessimist and optimist
ought to feel satisfied. The one thing in the prem-
lses that is sure and certain is the fact that the de-
masd will exceed the supply, despite California or
Cuba, and will do so for many a year to come. The
outcry about Ahipping green fruit is nearly over as
the Novembar sunshine stole into the skin of the
fruit, and from now on will be "a joy forever."
Vegetarians have a strong argument in their
behalf if, as stated by statisticians, twenty-three
acres of land are necessary to keep one adult on
fresh meat. The same area devoted to wheat or oats
would feed about forty; if to potatoes, corn or rioe
126; and if to tho banana or plantain over 6,000.
But this last statement we question. Given 1,500
plants to an acre, yielding each a bunch with twenty-
fve hands of eight fingers each, on twenty-three
asores only 34,500 bunches would be obtained, giving
less than six bunches per man, or about 1,200
bananas to foed him 305 days. Could he live on
four per day? It 1i interesting often to dissect some
of these statistics as given by so-called "experts,"
and find out what is fact and what fiction.
Under date of October 1, at the Florida Experi-
ment Station, department of veterinary science, has
Issued a brief bulletin on Forage Poisoning, other-
wise known under the names of grass or blind stag-
gers, a common disease in summer in Florida and
elsewhere, caused by eating fermental grains and hay
or by grasses matted together near the ground and
mouldy. Stagnant pond water in which vegetation
is decomposing is another cause. The object of the
bulletin Is merely to call attention to the causes of
the disease, to th at owners will be more careful to
provide their animals with pure food and drinking
water. No remedies for cure are given, while three
distinct types of the disease are given; but it states
that if sleepiness, or coma remain absent for a week
recovery from the two milder types is almost certain.

JIin ts

From distant New York city I am writing this,
my first letter to my friends, the women of Florida,
and in a few days I shall be with you at my desk
and "working table" at THE SUN office, where my
headquarters will be and where you can address
Truly there is much in anticipation for me. To
think of the many letters you will write and the
delight in getting in touch with you after a long
absence from the State. Now it is good-bye to
the gay and merry North to enjoy the welcome of
the sunny, hospitable and glorious South.
Fortunately there need be no worry there, as
here, as regards the diversity of opinion now pre-
vailingas to the correct model for a fur jacket.
Yet there is considerable warmth and delight in
the smart boleros and Etons and these will find
great favor during the winter season. The majority
of the bolero jackets are elaborately trimmed and
braided and exquisite effects are quite easily ob-
tainable even if one does home dressmaking. Cara-
cul is one of the favorite materials now in use.
The latest Paris styles are most lavishly dis-
played by the leading importers. There are hun-
dreds of models-gowns designed by Paquin, Ar-
mand, Ignaoo and other artists.
Noticably are exquisite dinner and ball creations,
lingerie gowns and dresses of Irish crochet lace.
Madame Havet's best art is shown in a combi-
nation lace effect with a bodice bolero of Irish
lace. The shirt has panels of the same and a lining
of chiffon and gold cloth.
One of the handsomest creations is an Irish lace
Prinoses gown, with an extra coat trimmed with
Undoubtedly many of these dreams of the fash-
ionable dressmakers' hi h art now on exhibition
here will be seen in Florida during the coming
winter season of 1005-1906, when the wealthy visi-
tors gather at the palatial hotels of the State.
To talk of the beautiful exhibits made by the
importers brings us to a consideration of the news
of the shops, and especially at this season of the
r is there a plentitude of news, for it seems
sat t took of the many lae houses is greater
S- sf aad at this, the gay holiday season, when
M the sensible women are doing their
*eff', Yvw l* weeks in advance, the aLotoas



By Eleanore du Bois
and the array of gifts and goods is as bewildering
as it is useful and beautiful.
Decidedly pretty are the elbow gloves, which
are an important feature of this winter. These
gloves come in all of the new shades.
With the tailored suit it is quite the correct


A u0testlon to those who %ant a device
for their cari* or automobile panel. It
saves trouble muntlt for the family tree.

Opport unity

than Wauchula; and the officials of the A. C. L.
know this and have brought in many homeseekers
to settle upon the lands owned by the company. It
is not, as Editor Goolsby truly says, a tourist town,
but is the center of a large and productive fruit,
vegetable and stock-raising country. The FLORIDA
SUN congratulates Brother Goolsby on. the excellent
way in which the Homeseekers' Edition has been got-
ten up, and may it be as seed sown in good ground.


H. Harold Hume in his book on citrus fruits and
their culture says that the insects attacking citrus
trees may be conveniently grouped as "biting" and
"sucking" insects, "the first group including grass-
hoppers, orange dog and a few of less importance;
the second group (obtain their food from the trees
by sucking the juices out of the cells." But it may
be that a third clafs is in 'store for the orange
grower in the shape of a borer, touching which the
Fort Myers Press thus discourses:
"Mr. E. L. Evans, who makes a study of the or-
ange, has recently discovered a new enemy, in his
section, to the orange tree. It is a borer that digs
through the bark and into the trunk an inch or two,
making a hole as large as the head of a pin, and
kicking out a stream of fine *sawdust. The borer
covers the trunk with these punctures until it finally
girdles the tree, causing it to die. While examining
a tree where the borer was at work, in company with
Mr. Evans and Walter Langford, the little live gim-
let was discovered. He proved to be a quarter-inch
in length, and looked like a small beetle. A sure
way to detect this new orange tree enemy at work
is to look for the sawdust at the base of the tree."
Have any of our growers elsewhere than the Ca-
loosahatchie valley met with this new enemy? If
so, we should like to know it.

The Wauchula Advocate recently issued a Home-
seekers' Edition of 24 pages, magazine form, printed
on heavy book paper, in which it claims to give a
fair and impartial description of the territory sur-
rounding the thriving little De Soto County town.
Jt gives the result of interviews with growers, the
old and the new settlers, and says each assertion
made will bear the closest investigation. We are
free to say that, between Bartow and Arcadia, on
the line of the Atlantic Coast Railway, there is no
town with greater promise as a trucking section


thing to wear a plaid silk waist. These waists are
shown in a variety of colorings.
Especially pretty and effective for evening wear
in Florida would be one of the dainty silken scarfs
shown here in pale blue with a border of Dresden
Moire ribbon is seen again, not only in the
ribbon displays but also in trimming effects. This
popular ribbon is being used in the trims of the
new skirts and coats.
Net waists trimmed with Duchesse braid fash-
ioned into a pretty conventional design, are among
the quick selling waist models. At a West Twenty-
I third Street shop these beauties can be had from
$7.75 up and they are bargains at this low price.
The most conspicuous veil is the veiling known
as the complexion net. This, as its name would
indicate, is of a lustrous flesh color tint, the mesh
being besprinkled with velvet or chenille dots.
Chiffon cloth in pure white or a deep cream tint
is to be had in a fine quality for $1.50 a yard.
Dainty French berthas are noticed on display
at some of the shops and these pretty accessories
an be had from $2.50 to $10.00. The berthas are
fashionedout of a combination of silk lace and
cotton, resembling Irish crochet that is very fetch-
For small curtains, sash curtains, etc., the most
popular decoration at present is ribbon work, which
is used for all sorts of fabrics in floral and ribbon
deigns. For very elaborate rooms, where flowered
damask is used for draperies, plain damask or heavy
satin with ribbon work decorations is used for sah
Sleeve protectors are useful and practical things
to make for church fairs. They are nothing more
than deep cuffs, which are worn over the sleeve
and slipped on over the hand. They are to have a
scalloped edge at the top with simplest design under
it, worked with white, whether the linen is dark
blue, brown, or yellow. A scallop on the bottom
is often seen, but the cuff is quite as well without
it. School girls and those engaged in continuous
hours of writing find them a great saving of dress
S (Continued on Thirteenth Page)

A recent bulletin on the export of crops, issued
by the United States Department of Agriculture,
states that the share of cotton, wheat, flour and corn
exported from the Northern Atlantic ports has de-
creased, while the percentage sent from Gulf States
has increased. Sixty per cent of the cotton was
sent last year from Southern ports. Twenty years
ago the Gulf ports sent out only 2 per cent of wheat,
last year 55 per cent.
In 1004 nearly one-fourth of the cotton crop of
the United States was produced in Texas, and more
than one-half in Texas, Mississippi and Georgia.
Much of the cotton raised in Mississippi reaches
New Orleans and Memphis, and some goes to Mo-
bile and Savannah. The leading primary market
for Georgia cotton is Savannah, while Galveston
receives, in addition to a large share of the Texas
crop, considerable quantities from the Indian Ter-
ritory and Oklahoma. More than 5,000,000 bales
were shipped to Galveston, New Orleans and Savan-
nah during the crop year ending August 31, 19004,
and these three cities exported during the correspond-
ing fiscal year nearly three-fourths of the total ex-
ports of cotton from the United States.
Savannah and Pensacola are mentioned as ports
where cotton is the chief farm product exported.
Taken as a whole, the bulletin gives ample evi-
dence of the increase of shipping from South Atlan-
tic and Gulf ports--a sign of commercial growth
that is very gratifying.
(Continued on Thirteenth Page)

December 9, 1905




"The rose is of an unlucky color, I think," ob-
served the Duke.
"The color of a blush, my brother."
"Unlucky, I still maintain," said the other
"The color of the veins of a Frenchman. liU,
hal" cried the young man. "What price would be
too high? A rose is a rose! A good-night, my
brother, a good-night. I wish you dreams of roses,
red roses, only beautiful red, red roses!"
"Stay I Did you see the look she gave these
street folk when they shouted for her? And how
are you higher than they, when she knows? As high
as yonder horse-boyl"
"Red roses, my brother, only roses. I wish you
dreams of red, red roses !"


'Twas well agreed by the fashion of Bath that
M. Ie Due de Chateaurien was a person of sensibility
and haut ton; that his retinue and equipage sur-
passed in elegance; that his person was exquisite,
his manner engaging. In the company of gentlemen
his ease was slightly tinged with graciousness (his
single equal in Bath being his Grace of Winterset);
but it was remarked that when he bowed over a
lady's hand, his air bespoke only a gay and tender
He was the idol of the dowagers within a week
. after his appearance; matrons warmed to him;
young belles looked sweetly on him, while the gen-
tlemen were won to admiration or envy. He was of
prodigious wealth: old Mr. Bicksit, who dared not,
or his fame's sake, fail to have seen all things,
had visited Chateaurien under the present Duke's
father, and descanted to the curious upon its grand-
eurs. The young noble had one fault, he was so
poor a gambler. He cared nothing for the hazards
of a die or the turn of a card. Gayly admitting that
he had been born with no spirit of adventure in him,
he was sure, he declared, that he failed of much
happiness by his lack of taste in such matters.
But he was not long in wanting the occasion
to prove his taste in the matter of handling a
weapon. A certain led-captain, Rohrer by name,
notorious, amongst other things, for bearing a dex-
terous and bloodthirsty blade, came to Bath post-
haste, one night, and jostled heartily against him
in the pump-roomn on the following morning. M. de

By Aooth Tarklngton
Chateaurien bowed, and turned aside without offense,
continuing a conversation with some gentlemen
near by. Captain Rohrer jostled against him a sec-
ond time. M. de Chateaurlen looked him in the eye,
and apologized pleasantly for being so much in the
way. Thereupon Rohrer procured an introduction
to him, and made some observations derogatory to
the valor and virtue of the French.
There was current a curious piece of gossip of
the French court: a prince of the blood royal, grand-
son of the late Regent and second in the line of sue-
cession to the throne of France, had rebelled against
the authority of Louis XV., who had commanded
him to marry the Princess Henrietta, cousin to both
of them. The princess was reported to le openly
devoted to the cousin who refused to accept her
hand at the bidding of the king; and, as rumor ran,
the prince's caprice elected in preference the disci-
pline of Vincennes, to which retirement the furious
king had consigned him. The story was the staple
gossip of all polite Europe; and Captain Rohrer,
having in his mind a purpose to make use of it in
leading up to a statement that should be general
to the damage of all Frenchwomen, and which a
Frenchman might not pass over as he might a jog
of the elbow, repeated it with garbled truths to
make a scandal of a story which bore none on a plain
He did not reach his deduction. M. de Chateau-
rien, breaking into his narrative, addressed him very
quietly. "Monsieur," he said, "none but swine deny
the nobleness of that good and gentle lady, Made-
moiselle la Princess de Bourbon-Conti. Every
Frenchman know' that her cousin is a bad rebel and
ingrate, who had only honor and rispec' for her, but
was so wilful he could not let even the king say,
'You shall marry here, you shall marry there.' My
frien's," the young man turned to the others, "may
I ask you to close roun' in a circle for one moment?
It is clearly shown that the Duke of Orleans is a
scurvy fellow, but not-" he wheeled about and
touched Captain Rohrer on the brow with the back
of his gloved hand-"but not so scurvy as thou, thou
swine of the gutter!"
Two hours after, with perfect case, he ran Cap-
tain Rohrer through the left shoulder-after which
he sent a basket of red roses to the Duke of Winter-
set. In a few days he had another captain to fight.
This was a ruffling buck who had the astounding
indiscretion to proclaim M. de Chateaurien an im-
poster. There was no Chateaurien, he swore. The

Frenchman laughed in his face, and, at twilight of
the name day, pinked him carefully through the right
shoulder. It was not that he could not put aside
the insult to himself, he declared to Mr. Molyneux,
his second, and the few witness, as he handed his
wet sword to his lackey-one of his station could not
be insulted by a doubt of that station-but he fought
in the quarrel of his friend Winterset. This rascal
had asserted that M. le Due had introduced an im-
Ismter. Could lihe overlook the insult to a friend,
ono to whom he owed his kind reception in Bath?
Then, bending over his fallen adversary, he whis-
pered: "Naughty man, tell your master find some
better quarrel for the nex' he men' against' me."
The conduct of M. de Chateaurien was pronounced
There was no surprise when the young foreigner
fell naturally into the long train of followers of
the beautiful Lady Mary Carlisle, nor was there
great astonishment that he should obtain marked
favor in her eyes, shown so plainly that my Lord
'lownbrake, Sir lugh uilford, and the rich Rquire
Bantimon, all of whom had followed her through
three seaHsoIs, swore with rage, and his Grace of Win-
terset stalked from his aunt's house with black
Meeting the Duke there on the evening after his
s4rond encounter, de Chateaurion smiled upon him
brilliantly. "It was badly done, oh, so badly he
whispered. "Can you afford to have me strip' of
my mask by any but yourself? You, who introduce'
me? They will say there is some bad scandal that
I could force you to be my god-father. You muils'
get the courage yourself."
"I told you a rose had a short life," was the
"Oh, those roses! l"Ti the very greater' rimon
to gather each day a fresh one." 'He took a red bud
from his breast for an instant, and touched it to his
M. de Chateaurieni" It was Lady Mary's voice;
she stoial at a table where a vacant place had been
left beside her. "M. de Chateaurien, we have been
waiting very long for you."
The Duke saw the look she did not know she
gave the Frenchman, and he lost countenance for a
"We approach a climax, oh, monsieur?" said M.
de Chateaurien.

(Oontinued on Fourteenth Page)


"It gives me pleasure to be praised by you whom all men praise."--Tully.
Claude L'Engle's Saturday Sun has made its
appearance, and a brilliant luminary it is. It is I WOULD WRITE R NOTI(E
illustrated by A. K. Taylor, the cartoonist, whose mOF THE 5Ut IDVE T, BUT
work has made for him a national reputation, and OF THESUM ADVEToBUT
it is edited by one of the brightest editorial writers YOU SEE HOW IMPOSSIBLE.
in the country-Claude L'Engle himself. The Jour- IT IS FOR ME TO REA(H i
nal predicts for The Sun a successful and profitable THE DOOR KNOB
existence. It deserves success, and that is more than D DIl
helf the battle.-Pensacola Journal.
The Sun, published at Jacksonville, made its first ,
appearance last Saturday. The new paper is very
favorably commented upon by all who have read it. CH
It has for its motto, "If it is right we are for it,"
and it might ad to this, "If it is wrong we go for it," o 1t
as that motto seems to be its policy. The Sun is
deserving of success, and we hope to see it prosper.-
The Sprng.

Hon. W. E. Pabor of Avon Park contributes a
page of agriculture weekly to The Sun, Jackson-
ville's new paper. Mr. Pabor is one of the ablest
writers in the country, and The Sun was fortunate
in securing him.-De Soto County Advertiser.
The first issue of the Jacksonville Sun arrived
on Saturday; it is full of good reading, sparkling
editorials by Claude L'Engle and Taylor's inimitable
cartoons.-De Land Weekly News.
The Sun, Florida's latest and best in journalism,
made its initial appearance Saturday. Claude
L'Engle and A. K. Taylor are at the helm, the for-
mer editor and the latter cartoonist. It would he
hard to find two men better suited to the running
of a good State paper than these two, and the first
issue speaks well for them and the future of their
paper. Perhaps the most interesting article in the
first number is the Pardoning of Criminals, by Gov.
N. B. Broward. Another article, of special interest
to the newspaper fraternity and revealing a black-
mailer in their midst, tells how the Daily Florida
Sun was blackmailed into suspension, and who did
it. artoo by A. K. Taylor are one of the leading

features of the paper, and their genuine merit will
do much toward making The Sun popular.- DCe
Soto County Advertiser.
When we heard that L'Engle and Taylor- were
going to publish a paper at Jacksonville and call it
The Sun, we expected great things of it. We wanted
it. At that tie our editor was out ia the fiate

woods on a farm, but he rushed to town and wrote
a postal card for The Sun. Since that time we
have ,watched for it, "more than they who watch
for tI morning." The Hun is here; it came Tues-
day morning-and we were not disappointed. Every-
body in Florida should read it, especially the masses
of thi people who want to keep posted on public
afai-Jaspr News.

Saturday, 'December 9, 1905





More Banking Capltal

Last Saturday the Citizens' National Bank of Jacksonville, with a capital
of fifty thousand dollars, commenced business.
A few days before this the organization of another bank, The People's' Bank
and Trust Company, with equal capital, was' announced. This bank will soon
open for business. I
By the starting of these two banks, the banking capital of Jacksonville and
r the State is increased.
This is a good thing.
The location of these banks, the first mentioned on Bridge Street, and the
last mentioned on Main Street, will greatly serve the convenince of business men
who are located near them.
This is another good thing.'
All the capital in both the new banks is furnished by men whose interests
are in Florida, and who are not classed among" the high financiers.
This is still another good thing.
These two banks with a comparatively small capital will get business from
merchants and will naturally be ready to give the small borrowers the accommo-
dation they desire.
Big banks are needed in a growing State to take care of the large credit lines
of the great industrial corporations and firms.
Florida has many large banks, three of which are located in Jacksonville.
But the small banks are none the less needed. They keep in close touch
with the small merchant, art well-informed about his recourses, and are
ALWAYS READY to supply his wants with proper limitations suggested by
conservative banking.
The constantly increasing business of this city creates the demand for more
banks, through which all business is handled.
It is better for the community that two banks with fifty thousand dollars
capital each be established thar. one bank with twice or even three times the'
When business conditions demand them other large banks will be established
We will hail their advent with all the satisfaction that comes in the record-
ing of all signs of municipal development.
We are not less pleased to welcome the coming of the small banks.
With talk of a money tightness in the East, which is always current at this
particular time of the year, the opening of thee two new banks is particularly
fortuitous, assuring as it does, ample money for the needs of all who make proper
demands for funds to carry on business. .
Small banks are located all over this State. Every little town and hamlet
in Florida where business men have located has its bank. And the bank cuts a
large and influential figure in these towns, because it is to the banker that
business men go when they want sound advice, and needful accommodation.
Florida banks and bankers have made, a record of fidelity to trust, and
capable management that brings success, that has brought honor to the State
As large as the sum of Florida's business interests is, the influence exerted
on those business interests by the aggregate capital of Florida's' small banks, is
not less in size and importance.

When the Heart Responds
Once more do we take up the grateful pen in an attempt to render adequate
thanks for the warm words of welcome, and the poorly-merited paragraphs of
praise bestowed upon us by our brothers of the press, and again do we render up
a sigh over the barrenness of our heritage of words with which to express the
sentiments that dwell within our heart.
Broad has been the mantle of charity that our brothers have spread over
our faults, and powerful have been the lenses in the microscopes which they
have used to discover our virtues.
We have read in the exchanges that have reached us, things about ourselves
that would have caused us to set up a rivalry with the reputation of Narcissus,
if we had not kept constantly before us the polished surface of our imperfections
by which we were able to get the true refleetjon of our unworthiness.
But we know the encomiums so rashly bestowed, were kindly meant, and in
recognition of the spirit that prompted their we have engraven them on the
tablets of our memory, and have let them fill to overflowing the grateful cup
which we now quaff to-

Tieformat&oe Looking Glass
A certain rich man has hie home lined with mirrors.
He is not a crank. He can afford the mirrors. And he believes they are
One might almost differentiate civilization from savagery by mirrors-
and soap.
Some time ago a very clever story appeared in one of the magazines. It
told of a desk mirror given by her pupils to a public school teacher wherein the
teacher could look to see how pretty she was when she smiled and how ugly
when she frowned. The mirror, so the story,ran, transformed the teacher from
a crabbed and cross character to one that sndled and Ibcame popular.
The story contains a truth.

The problem in making the world better and brighter is to get people to
ee. themselves as others see them. If, thle we could provide looking glasses
at every turn of life, we almost should be e to reform the world.
He who fumes and fusses and frowns over his task being provided with

an ever-present mirror, would be able to size himself up as others sire him. And
he who gets drunk or otherwise makes an ass of himself could note the process
and be ashamed.
And she who is peevish nnd sour and sulky might look and hate her ways.
For no matter how plain the woman's face if she be but bright and cheery and
smiling, her face will be beautiful. And no matter how handsome in feature
the woman may be if she wears a visage of discontent and moodiness she will
show herself ugly. The handy mirror would reveal the ugliness and the woman-
touched at a vital point-would redeem her features.
It is said no woman can pass a mirror without looking into it-a good
habit that men might profit by.
People are well behaved before their mirrors. If the looking glass could
be kept before them frequently enough they might be uniformly well behaved.
-St. Paul Daily News.


-- vi

New York city's car conductors' famous call of "step lively please" becomes
noticeable in that rapid transit insurance companies' investigation. One presi-
dent has stepped lively, down an( out and now Director Chauncey Depew has
done likewise.

Bunches of money are being garnered for the Russian Jews in distress.
While this generous financial aid will never blot out the memories of those
days of blood and massacre, let it be hoped the Russian Jew will be wise and
use this money to remove himself and his from a country where his stay must
ever be fraught with peril.

Thomas Parmalee Wickes, until late a prominent lawyer of New York
city, is accused of blackmailing and has been dubbed the Dr. Jekyle and Mr.
Hyde of the legal profession. As a general rule people tell too much of their
own affairs to others but to your Lawyer you expose all. Should this charge
of the abuse of the confidences of clients be true the Judas principle will av
reached a rather superlative degree. principle will have


" a



When the announcement is made that Confederate Veterans will meet
in re-union, every true heart is touched with love, and sympathy, every loyal
soul makes an acknowledgment of honor and respect.
These men are the remnant of those who gave up their lives for a cause
that was sacred; for a cause that was right in every essential that makes up
the principle of right, saving only that of successful issue.
The sufferings of these martyr to the lost cause will never be forgotten
while the human heart responds to the touch of tenderness; their heroic deeds
will be remembered as long as the mind of man holds dominance over the king-
doms of the earth.
Next week the Florida division of Confederate Veterans meets in this city.
We doff the respectful hat, and extend the hand of welcome to them.

With all humility due to out unworthiness, with all respect, and with due
reverence for the cause they represent we offer a suggestion for their consider.
We have heard former Confederates declare that Florida is paying pensions
to those who do not deserve them.
We have heard those who are well informed about the service of Florida's
soldiers in the Civil War, affirm that FIFTY PER CENT of the State's IKnsion
roll is made up of the underserving.
We have heard it said that:
Some were deserters.
Some never saw service. !L
Some are drawing pensions from other States.
And some have been placed on the roll by fraud.
These statements should be looked into.
If they are found to be correct the names improperly on the State's pension
roll should be stricken from it.
If they are found to be incorrect, the finding should be published so that all
doubt about the integrity of Florida's pension roll haUl be aid at rest.



Saturday, December 9, 1905

The Confederate Petdion tRoll of Florida should be Florida's Roll of Honor.
No organization should Ib as keen to make it so as the Confederate Veterans'
No better time can \w set for this work than the time set for the next meert-
ing, which is next week.
We do not presume to advise these graybeards how to do the work that is
up to them to do.
We will, however, suggest that a (DMMINSIONER OF PENSIONS would
be a good way t) start; and that a resolution adopted at this meeting calling
on the next Legislature TO CREATE THIIS OFFICE would be regarded by the

OURI{ desire is to make The Sun a great state paper.
We want the people of Florida to feel that, how-
everi much they might admire any of the great weeklies
printed in other cities, they have in Florida a journal
of which they are a part.
We want stories written by Floridians to print in
this paper, which is read by Floridians.

We want good stories.

We will not print the other

kind. The best is good enough for Florida people.
In order to get thte good stories we are willing to
pay for them, so, we make

An Offer to florida Writers
We will pay $20 for the best story, with scene laid

in Florida, sent us by ,January 1st, 190(.

Tihe story

must be written by a resident of Florida, and must not

be less than 2,000 words nor more than 3,000.


reserve tlie right to pl)rint ill the stories submitted that
do nllt win tlhe prize at regular rate of $2 per thousand
worlds, paid on publication.
We will select three competent judges to read the
stories and award the prize.
Mail c()py to The Sun, Prize Story Contest, Jack-
sonville, Fla.


We are quite sure tliat Florida holds within its bor-
ders 1111n1y persons, 1m|ale and1( female who have the
souls of poets and lac hk but the opportunity to ignite
poetical fires within their breasts.
We would like to have these fires illumine the pages
of The Sun, andl in order that this much-desired illum-
ination may begin we offer a


for the best original poem sent us by January 1, 1906.
We will pay for all poemtis we print at our regular
space rates, and will print the prize winner in the issue
next following tlhe day of award.
None but residents of 1Florida are eligible to enter
this contest.

December 9, 1905


'& M WfOl By Janet DUlL
R aw k Bugfie "Sorrows now or fortune send,
n UI As for me, I have a friend."
Katherine tied the pink chiffon
AT around the roses in a big soft knot,
then hurried to her own room to ar-
range Adaline's violets. She did it all
quite cheerfully, so none of the six
would have guessed from her manner
the pain tugging at her heartstrings.
.ESOmr Ugg I She kissed them all, and gave a few
JA U h5L L last motherly little touches to their
pretty gowns, then leaned for a minute
cooking into the hall below. "How
V ucl pn ium an white Evaline's shoulders were, and how
sweet Adalne looked with the violets
HaMneSS ManufacturerS in her soft hair (the six formed a mu-
tual society). Oh, dear, her silver
threaded gauze was so sweet, no one
-V would have guessed she got it at a
bargain and made it after study hour,
,g I and the scarlet poppies Dick sent her
ACHA t would give it quite an air. It was so
kind in Dick to come clear from Boston
to take her, of course she could have
The M Sis accepted any of the other invitations,
F IuM N I TIt Arfh but it was something to have been go-
ing with an old grad. instead of a stu-
ANM WNH UM % dent. There were the boys, how nice
$w w 1 hmile ob they looked in their dress suits, such
a buzzing, and how happy they seemed
Befte Dr Store -no one missed her. Well she was
glad she hadn't mentioned the exam.
tf, ad I s Ji gyl pg, to anyone but Adaline. Oh dear, it
M W=IT E A LiL was childish to cry, and bad for her
throat besides. She might as well go
back to her room. The Dr. said "it
Flo id might be the ice pack would restore
Florida Electric Co. her voice."
To-morrow was the vocal exam., two
OBB s weeks before they expected it. This was
S03 3 lbad enough hut the scholarship was also
Electric Appalwateu t SpplSA to be decided then and Katherine's re-
turn next year depended on her receiv-
Headquartersforeverythlngelectri- ing it. "Why, O why, (lid she coach
cal. Complete telephone exchanges for the stupid basket ball game? Now
and private lines. Isolated electric as a result she could scarcely whisper,
lighting and power plants.

62, 42, 22 8 Fo St.
#11 #


Jacksvlleo ElD Jflgi, Z ULLU V'It VI
By W. j
The Citizens Bank It is to the railroads of the country
that we owe most of our knowledge of
OF JACKSONVILLE the land we live in, and almost all the
D. U. FLETCHER President leading transportation lines now have a
D. H. DOIG Vice President well-organized literary bureau from
C. H. MANN Vice President which emanates reading matter as in-
J. DENHAM BIRD Cashier teresting as many of the current mag-
Offers to depodtor every facility con. azines or even of the novels of the press.
sistent with safe and conservative bank. eut day. On the Pacific Coast the
ing, insuring absolute security. Southern Pacific has its Sunset maga-
zine and its last issue announces that
4 Pa OldMI turISWWMlr, dMi it will spend $100,000 the coming sea-
Uu r Mqson in descriptive matter to be die-
tributed over the entire country, giving
KWEP OEM IS i All AY information about the climate, the soil
V iL m K and the opportunities for homeseekers
along the line from San Diego to Port-
Cor. Bridle & Bay Jacksonville, F. land.
In the Rocky Mountain region the
SDenver & Rio Grande Railway, now a
part of the trans-continental system of
George Gould, issues from its passenger
T department, over which the veteran rail-
SB e 99" reader S. K. Hooper presides, over a
dozen profusely illustrated booklets de-
scriptive of the scenic beauties of Colo-
rado and the fertility of its valley lands.
In the North the New York Central
has its monthly publication, The Four-
Track News, through which it dissemi-
nates information regarding the country
I PURE through which the line passes, which,
I1 PURE though long settled up, still has abund-
ance of lands deserted by the younger
ITHATS SURE generation that have grown up on it and
sought other fields of action in the
South and. West.
t i In the South, the Southern Railway
W l S and the Atlantic Coast Line are not far
behind their older confreres in publish.
| il ing to the world the opportunities for
homeseekers in the Sunny South. Their
SOLE AGNT pamphlets are full of valuable informa-
tion, illustrated liberally, so that the
lA nIllle, FIeye as well as the mind may take in the
Jac nvi panorama as well as the possibilities
pOg P$I L M W U$T Recently a special folder for the home-

a nam Howard

. for
E. Pabor


weker in Florida has been issued by the
Atlantic Coast Line, which, more than
the Southern is deeply interested in set-
tling farmers and fruit growers in the
districts traversed by it, which may be
.aid to cover the State with the excep-
tion of the east coast. It has a perma-
nent agricultural and immigration de-
partment located in Jacksonville, pre-
sided over by Wilbur McCoy, who is
proving a very efficient agent in his line
of work. Copies of all the pamphlets
issued can he had by readers of THE
SUN, resident or non-resident, free by
writing him. These pamphlets treat of
the cultivation of melons, cantaloupes,
oranges, grapefruit, pineapples, pears,
peaches, plums, strawberries, potatoes,
sugar cane (an industry now receiving
special attention), tobacco, and all veg-
etables cultivated in the Union.
Readers of THE SUN residing in the
State desirous of letting their friends
in the North and West know of the
Sunny Southland, bordered on three
sides by ocean and gulf, having room
for a million inhabitants and industries
to support them, cannot do better than
write to Mr. McCoy, giving him the
names and addresses of those to whom
they would like pamphlets sent. Wider
publicity is what Florida needs. We
may not have a corporation or even a
State department able to spend one hun-
dred thousand dollars in a campaign of
enlightenment, as the Southern Pacific
Railway is doing, but each in his way
can help to bring the truth home to
many thousands in other States as to
Florida's advantages. To many we are
a country full of malaria, swamps, mos-
quitoes. alligators, and altogether a
miserable country. To those who have
seen our groves and pineries, our farms
and gardens, our palms and our pines,
the State is most attractive, and in such
Florida has staunch friends to sing her
And in this our railways are prime
factors, and full credit should be ac.
corded them for the good work they do.

Dr. E. H.Armstrong

Staff of Specialists



much less sing. How her throat burned,
the doctor said she must keep quiet and
keep her throat packed-the ice in the
bowl was melting so fast. She could
never learn that score, how disappointed
her mother would be. But there would
be no money for another year, unless
she won the scholarship agin. .0 if
only someone would sing it over for
her, and the accompaniment was so dif-
"Well honey girl" (a voice interrup-
ted her broodings) a soft laugh answer-
ed her question as to a torn gown.
"No, something more important than
Evaline pulled off her long, pink
gloves and began to cool a compress
in the ice water. "Now let me put this
on, you dear old unselfish thing, then
you lie here and listen with all your
Over and over again Evaline played
the difficult accompaniment with the
accuracy and delicacy of touch which
gives inspiration to the singer.
-When she had finished, one after an-
other of the four girls came to Kath-
erine, some singing, some playing while
she lay with closed eyes listening to
each note, all helping her with their be-
lief in her success. Just at midnight
Adaline came flushed and rosy from her
last waltz. "Old sweet, I can't sing and
I can't play, but get thee to thy downy
couch and listen while I inform you of
the principal points in your literature
for to-morrow; that will give you more
time in the morning."
An hour later, as Katherine floated
off to sleep, she whispered a little pray-
er: "Dear Father, if it be Thy will, help
me to succeed to-morrow, if not, and I
fail, strengthen me to bear it patiently,
but whatever happens make me worthy
of my friends. Amen."



22 1.2 IIo*an St

22 1-2 Hoean 6t
Jacksonville, la.

Electrical Goods -

Electrical Engineers

Write to

Electric Co.
16W .For" StJac aU'es



, -1 .1- 1.- ..., Aqnw

Eye and Nervous Diseases
11 Laura St.

Neurology and Osteopathy
Believing that there is good in all methods
of treating diseases, we have taken all that
has been proven by the different schools
of medicine and combined it under thu
head of neurology. The system embraces
all that is good in the old schools of medi-
cine--osteopathy, chiropratilcs, hydropa.
thy, physical culture, dietetics and hy-
giene. We handle chronic diseases, al.
though the system is Just as applicable to
acute as to chronic troubles. and we spe.
cialize on diseases of the eye, nervous sys-
tem, stomach and bowel troubles, consti-
pation, epilepsy, spinal troubles., piles,
prostatic and female diseases.

Let us Supply that

You Intend GIvint your
Doss, your Friend, your
Husband or Brother
All Gholke Brands at
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smy W MImfn t. 'Jaakwl, r Mi-

John N. C. Stockton


ThaMuai knmWpg r hihMg O| Prapfry
I aval BfI R

For Real Estate

Rents and Loans

December 9, 1905



Hess & Slager
ww,.T. Jacksonville, Fla.
vi a w d" w mr11
MAi tatild dti

Your Christmas Cheer
can be secured from


Jal OkWe I "
Whiskies, Wines and Beer

MI O& sMe thI day
Ws gst tspt

IIt W.;Sit h A&Mwlh, Fluda


Fuel and Supply Co.
Jaclksonville, Fla.,




Consolidated Fruit Co.

Car Lots and Less than Car Lots.
228 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.


OrdwIgN k

Pocket, Table and

Florida Hardw'e Co.
Jacksonvllle, la.
GIW iOMi p*%*.


'SV ^^ him .MI h .|1uKmvBU fl

Am" b W T*ris nWo
DIRECToRS-Bion H. Barnett E. W.
Lane W. M. Bostwick, Jr., J. D. holmes,
H. Harkeheimer, Harow Bamett,
Jw. W. Spratt,



Intimate Talks Between Publisher and Reader

One of our renders, who,. hy the way,
i not (Itone of those whio 111 visited the
busin"s,4 olllee with his ea'sh for a sub-
scription, told our Mr. Taylor last week
that TIHE SUN of that week and tlhe
week before did not e(o)ittill a sellsa.
tional story; that Selasntion was what
tile lIo!)l( craved liow.-i-dlvs, and thel
aiiPr thNt dished up the ehloicest va-
rieties of this kind of mental plhulum,
with the iost frequency. wis th* ipawrti'
that Mtl('ewded I'st.
To tlii miian we recommindityl a Vir's
rvsid(eni( tit Newport, among the New
York Smart Set, i trip to Sioux Falls
andl dnily Attendanc(e it the divorce
ciirts that grind risquit grits every)
day in tith yyear, or the regular purchamwt
'if any of the sipeciimens of lurid liter-
titurv that sail under sI' uclh unn.PA usI
Colonel Mann or lihiihrd K. Fox.
Wc n're, not publishing 'T'lh. ('hmulr
Maid's Own, with a thrill guaranteed in
t'very lin1 nor .are we getting llt a
nIlodern lnoaecio, no)r it chromnatie jour-
nal of any kind.
We are trying to furnish to the ipeo-
pi' of Florida a s tne1, eleni and inter-
esting record of passing events, 1111d ai
wliesomet diet of mentitl food that will
satisfy a nr110111111 11111 Iltly iltpPtite'
tor useful infonrnation. In addition to
this we desire by commenting on live

topics' of discussion to direct the atten-
tion of our readers to the view that
eemtis to iu to be the right view.
\Ve re not IHUNTING FOR ewnsa-
It miny be that we will run across
4'ciations in our search after truth.
If we D)o, we will not be frightened
iit tlihe size of the sensation, nor the
dize of their pieole mixed up in them, but
we will give them air of publication IF
Even then we will not print netwa-
tioni AS SENSATIONS, but Its a
menus to the end of serving the public
good; very nmich in the wiay of a doc-
tor reporting an eini of infection-not
Lo stir up the neighbors, but TO PRE-
As we haive said oneW or twice before,
we are glad to have our readers criti-
vise i.s, for it wets us to thinking, and
very time, we think about ourselves we
are sure to swet, ome weak nmot.
Seeing one's wenk spots in about the
iiiost aitntary seeing we know of.
'The lbiggewt fool we (an think of, right
lt this nionment, in the lermon who in
aiflliCted with Melf-copllaceney.
We give thaniik that we are not like
THIIS PImharnisee.

Some Thinks by the Brethren

A numbel,r of papers throughout the
State have already taken up the maut-
ter of voting for candidates for the
Legislature of 1907, and they urge the
voters to make good selections and vote
only for those who are in every way cnp-
able of creditably representing their re-
spective counties. Of course such ad-
vice as this is never out of season, andi
one is led to believe that from the vari-
ous articles that in some counties drill-
ing along this line can't begin too early.
-The question is, why should people
need such advice regarding candidates
for office, whether for their Legislature
or for a constable? Every one should
realize that not only this age, but every
other age, requires the best men for any
office. Personal feelings should not (con-
trol votes when personal feelings lean
toward the weaker candidate, yet strange
to say in many cases personal feelings
are the main issue .
In connection with the numerous
arguments for strong-minded and honest
representatives, we hear that such are
especially desirable two years hence, for
the reason that matters of great impor-
tance will come up for action. Do not
matters of great importance come up for
action at every session of the Legisla-
ture ? If not, it would be Ibetter to call
off sessions until important work is re-
quired. A good man receives no more
pay from the State than an idiot would
receive. An honest man receives no
more pay from the State than a dis-
honest man would legitimately receive.
Hence since there is no economy to whe
practiced is it not always better to vote
for the ablest and the most honorable
man in the race, if in reality there is
such a candidate for official honors?
His work will reflect greater credit upon
the county he represents, his work will
be of much greater advantage to those
whom he serves, and in every way the
tears of regret and the curses of censure
will be reduced to a minimum.
We see no more occasion for urging
voters to select good representatives in
the lAgislature than in any other office.
Hence, we believe that while all this
good advice is being east out upon the
-unappreciativ '" others, it should not
I.' confined tone onfiti.ce ilut should I e'
sent b)roadclast down th' line, showing
partiality to none, neglecting none.--
Quincy Times
Governor Broward ha appointed a
rlway mail clerk as Superintendent of

Public Instruction in Duval County,
the gentleman having run in the pri-
mairies last year and been defeated.
Well, it ho)ks as if euing left by the
|ii)!ople is an indorsement for higher
official honors.-1-ake City Index.

Last week's Perry Citisen says the
postoffice issued twenty money orders in
one day. It is safe to say the express
ctmlnpany delivered twenty packages
within forty-eight hours afterward.-
LIake City Index.

As shown hy records kept in the build-
ings of tihe State Fair at Tampa not less
than 1.,000 homeseekers front other
Stiateis, including the great Northwest,
live attended the fair, and these are
still in Florida looking for locations for
jm'riIntienlt homes. A large portion of
this nunilslr purchased one-way tickets,
intending to loeato in Florida without
returning to their former homes.-Mad-
ison New Enterprise.

The Iowa woman who wants a divorce
tIecause her husband hasn't hathed for
twenty-two years, is about twenty-one
years and eleven months too slow with
hier action. Any woman Is entitled to
divorce whose husband shirks the bath
tub for two weeks at a time.-East
Coast Advocate.

Mr. George N. Hatch recently bought
and shipped the orange crop from the
(Cox place. There were 309 boxes, not
more than ten of which were other than
fancy fruit. The rust mite, white fly
and other enemies to orange culture
have not yet infested this section, so
the ever-present spraying machine so
necessary to the 'production of yellow
fruit in many parts of the State is con-
spicuous by its absence here. Mr.
Hatch's own grove of twenty-five-year-
old seedlings has also a crop of first-
class fruit this season.-East Coast Ad-

The Tinie-Union some time ago an-
nounced over the signature of its edi-
tor, that no advertisements of life in-
surance companies masquerading as tel-
egrains, should ever apjN'ar in that pa-
per again. They are there, however,
every two or three days. Either the
telegraph editor is badly fooled or the
Times-Union has forgotten its promise.
-Miami Reord.


U 14 West Bay St.
Jacksonvile, fla.





If you care for exclusive
things In Haberdashery or
Hats, you can find what
you want here


The Stuart-Bernstein Co.


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P. 0.hz U


Duval Rye, XX, per gal
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Old Geo., per gal .
Monogram, per gal .
Premium, per gal .
Cherokee' per gal .
Callagher & Burton, per gal .


C. L. Adams, per gal 4.00
Old Columbia, per gal 4.00
Lord Baltimore, per gal 6.00


New England, per gal .
Jamaica, per gal .
Jamaica, Imported, per gal .


Be sure to enclose either Postoflmce or
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Tradb wm W Mno, y'
Ibo il I WI I MWI d








Report of the Meeting of Trpentine

orators Association, Wednesday,

_December 6, 1905

By A. A. A. Sber,o-ft re SunStaff.
(Continued from.Third Page)

The Savannah Naval Stores Review,
which is eoognised as Shotter's organ,
just as the Industrial Record of this
city is reognied- as Coachman's or-
gan; has prTinted many sensational
stories about the situation, and indulged
in severe criticism of Mr. Coachman.
These stories and eritieisms must be ta-
kef with due allowance for the inspira-
tion behind them. *
4..* Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 7, 1NDo.
Should the turpentine operators-those
men of the woods who 'wrench out of
forest solitudes a commodity for the
marti of the world"-follow the advice
"REDUCE THE OUTPUT," which was
handed out and hammered into them
yesterday, then a large factor in the
progress of Jacksonville will be elimi-
Fof, be it remembered, it was said yes-
terday by one of the speakers, who
should be an authority, that the "re-
markable advancement and unbounded
prosperity of Jacksonville for the past
five years" was owing largely to the
turpentine Industry.
And then came the startling propo-
sition that this "intimate relationship
to our city and its progress" should be
stopped awhile.
While it does not seem possible for
one speaker to say in glowing expres-
sions'that a certain industry is a good
thing for a city's welfare and develop-
ment and then have other highly en-
thusiastic speakers say stop pushing
along, that good thing, yet that was what
was ,done yesterday at the first day's
deliberations of the Turpentine Opera-
tors' convention, when assembled at their
fifth annual meeting in the auditorium
of the Jacksonville Board of Trade.
Truly it -was a day of contraries.
Hon. George W. Wilson's speech of the
morning session was somewhat punc-
tured in the afternoon by President A.
D. Covington's views on the absolute
necessity of a reduction of the output
and these views, as well as those of a
few others along the same line, were
again offset by one little remark made
by Professor Hetty to the effect that he
was of the opinion that the world (the
consumer's market) wanted naval stores
There was a diminished attendance
at the afternoon session as compared
with t that in the morning, and the only
enthusiasm evidenced was the custom-
ary tribute paid a man when he finishes
reading his paper or speaks his "speech."
When the chair called for remarks
there was a palpable slump in the mar-
ket of spirits, the real spirits of the
human .makeup, for the operators had
been rendered speechless.
There were several calls by the chair
to the effect of "speak up boys, speak
up but not one responded. The "boys'"
felt dumpy. They had been told to quit
producing naval stores for the market
because if they did not there was a ter-
rible day near at hand.
No wonder whatever ardor and en-
thusiasm the operators had brought with
them was not only dampened but gone.
The seconds that passed after President
Covington's requests for "words of en-
couragment and advice" were heavy
beats of time.
And why should they not have beei?
Think of turpentine operators work-
inl their arese of tress for all they
were worth and shipping unto 'THE
that's the Naval Stores Export Com-
pany-as fast as they could all products
which were taken at fine prices, until
the turpentine operator must have felt
his day had come to stay and that the
gulden harvest without end was his.
Thhnk of whit visions the operator had,
how bright and glorious and multi-mil-
lIonaire flavored the future looked.
It was wohe than the blow that

killed father! It was cruel and to many,
Perhaps, quite utterly unexpected Oth-
Ser gatherings and conventions had been
so different. No such dull thuds as
It was like a hold-up,
Worse even, for it was asking a man,
a mere human, palpitating being, who
had been coining money to desaTt in-
stanter, and that too, when he ad large
fields-and acres-from which to draw
his fine money producing crops ft spirits
r of turpentine and rosin.
No wonder, I say, there was a lack
of enthusiasm and a total absence of
I one man trying to get the floor away
from another, and as to a discussion of
any paper or address there was no trace
or sign; not even the most feeble of
an attempt.
No doubt there was a great internal
discussion going on with each opera-
tor. And there ought to have been.
He was actually not only invited but
URGED to close up shop "for awhile"
and then-what then?
This must have been the puzzling ques-
Stion. It would have been to me, had I
I been even a small operator with a fine
revenue from the "Golden Link" (the
Naval Stores Export Company) during
the past few months. With an increased
revenue one acquires and is able to
gratify more elaborate tastes and desires
and not only, as a rule, proceeds to do
President Covington read his annual
address. It was a rapid, quick-fire, de-
livery of the goods. It was spoken in
a ,nappy, sparkling way in a man-
ner well becoming a man of his physique.
He told the operators it was IN THEIR
POWER to make the Naval Stores Ex-
port Company (the "Golden Link") a
success or failure. He recommended
much action to them as to reduce the out-
fpit of naval stores for next year-to
Save their holdings untouched and
long a wait he did not specify nor in-
dicate. After wishing God-speed to the*
movement he asked if there were any
No answer came.
Then a pause, followed by the request
if some certain man was in the rooni
to come forward, which brought out
a voice: "I left him at the hotel."
In the absence of John A. Ewing, of
Lumberton, Miss., his paper was read
Carey B. Townsend previous to whom
Dr. J. D. Chasen of Bainbridge, Ga.,
spoke on "Co-operation Essential Among
Operators in Every Branch of the In-
dustry," and he too made a recommen-
dation to the operators:
"Hold your products; keep them off
the market, don't rush them on as you
have been doing recently."
Of what was it symbolical-the fraz-
zled, faded, forlorn looking long leaved
pine saplings, that were lined-at in-
tervals-along the side walls of the
Board of Trade Auditorium? They had
been placed there some weeks ago when
President Theodore Roosevelt had been
the guest In that same room at a big
To box lessI
To wi thold the axe from the grand
pine tree forests had been suggested
AhI What a beautiful sentiment! It
would almost seem that the once hand-
some and thickly green-glistening needled
branches would brighten up and revivify
but there remained only the rusty and
ashen appearance.
Mr. Covington arose.
He looked at those assembled. Then
he spoke. He said:
"The question of co-operation has been
talked about and we will be pleased to
hear on co-operation or along any oth-
er line. I know operators, as a rule,
are not good talkers, but let us hear
from you."

Perhaps ome operators kho l itded
to speakhad their sne0nsiltli tnaW*t
wounded o perhaps, like a resound
box ofn th ear, the call of "BOX LESS
had stupefied them and taken all talk
out of them. At any rate there were
full twenty seconds of pause and silence.
The secretary. turned to the president
nd said something, thereupon it was
announced by President Covington that
the chair had neglected In its intentions,
which had been to specially extend, at
the morning session, wam greetings to
the delegation from the West.
Then here Was a call tor a ti. -
man supposed to be t lthe atdifto
and he hot bei # present. olotbub
was offered again o atothe it prieod of
twenty seconds ot silence. .
Another oeratore was allid po ilt nd
he was present. Ihstiad of a foDsihg
speech he merely iifearked that he hard-
ly knew what he could say further.
Thereupon President Covington re-
marked that if he could not get anyone
to talk he would appoint committees and
the men having evidently been already
selected, their names and the names of
the committees on which they were to
serve were read with dexterity.
Again it was up to the president to
"say something iHe did, It was
"I'm mighty sotrey you can't get up
*and talk. I gave you a big subject,
You can talk about regulating prices
and labor but there is oeie thitig you
can do and WILL HAVCO TO DO' (de,
cidedly emphatic) "soohet or later. You
will have to reduce the output,
"Do that and you solve the ques-
"That's the way I see it, fhats itly
opinion. It has bee O said, aitd the idea
prevails with ihahy, that this season's
crop is short. The facts in the case say
that this is not so.
a smile while looking fixedly at the op-
erators, "We are all right, we have got-
ten bur prices hut OUR PRODUCTS
"If WE do not reduce the output YOU
"Those are my views. I'd like to hear
from. some one else."
There was, instead, a half minute of
paralyzation. HOW COULD any man
talk when he was advised, strongly ad-
vised, to practically shut up shop just
when he was doing his best business?
You might just as well ask the mer-
chant to close his big emporium at holi-
day time. It seemed to me as if some
one fellow might groan and be fully

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At Iuch a timi as this a slilened of
one-half minute seems a long space of
time. According to the habit of the
afternoon meeting the president spoke
"Well," said he "if we cannot IN.
DUCE anyone to iwve advice a motion to
adjourn is In order, but" he hurried on
"let's talk. Let's get this expert Dr.
Herty, That's what we are here for to
get fn rmony, to get a little life Into
he meet foirnt T i, wa qu o
qtt hls I I tod sti Vold an d ilks
quite trarllym
Ite s ke of the tinte of th f o stt
meeting, in 1 i the chuch shack
(locate whei ow -st 4nds the ie t ft
Memorial c. ietiehY )i o t a aid .thr
situatib ii he ft alli for. -operatiot.
That then it cost the operator as much
to make his naval 'stores products as
he got for it. That it was a question of
bankruptcy with him then.
Then the prosperous times came--due
to co-operation. '
"But," said Dr. Herty, "it seems hard-
er to stand prosperity than adversity."
He wanted to know of this movement,
which had started oft so auspiciously.
"Is it going to stop"
Whent he said that he believed that
as much turpentine could be made for
the wotld as heretofore, it seemed
to ite the spiitas of the oprators
would not only rise bht soar. If they
did there was no manifestation thereof.
Professor tterty must indeed know the
operators well and Intimately for he
said with match feeling:
"there is a lot of somtion sense
amotg the turpenttine people. I know
they will look the sitUatiol square in
the face."
President Covington said he would be
glad to hear other gentlemen. In con-
formity with the evident spirit of the
meeting, there was no response.
He then called on a certain opera-
tor "for a few words of encouragement
and advice," but that member, who
had been present at the meeting, "was
gone"--so it was announced.
Towards the close of the session,
bunches of operators, numbering from
three to six, had started to leave the
auditorium at frequent intervals. Soon
there was quite a bit of noise as more
and more began to leave until it was
impossible to hear, from the middle of
the room, if anyone, said "I move we
adjourn," and it seemed as If the meet-
ing quickly dissolved itself, though over
and above the hub-bub could be heard
the president's voice:
"The meeting is adjourned."





DewToba 9p 190

nvnv- arl N

December 9, 1905


(Continued from Sixth Page)
An expert chemist connected with the
United States Department of Agricul-
ture, is on the St. Johns riVer, experi-
menting with various processes with a'
view to the destruction of the hyacinths
in this and other streams in the State.
Meanwhile, the Orlando Reporter gives
an account of how they were cleared out
of a lake near that city, which was
purely a mechanical method by which a
large area was detached and drawn into
shallow water to 'remain until the water
receded and left them on dry land to
wither and die.
Alachua County reports having a
resident who is 117 years old; whether
white or black is not stated, or of what
sex; but it is evident that thiss resident
does not agree' with the sentiment ex-
pressed by Thomas Hood, as follows-
"Withered and shaken,
"What can an old man do but die."
It is reported that the acreage of the
lettuce crop is decreasing about San-
ford and going up in and about Palatka
and the Manatee country. But, in its
stead celery acreage is increasing, and
more than makes up for the crispy and
curly leaved salad product.
The hyacinth is now threatening the
east coast country, in the Hillsboro
river, and it is feared that by next sum-
mer the pretty pest will have increased
to such an extent as to render launches
Low prices for cotton are complained
I by the farmers in the vicinity of
awthorne, yet the gins thereabout are
xed to their utmost capacity, running
ight and day. About 1,500 bales will
the output of the season.
There is a shortage in the wheat crop
f Mexico, and the millers there are
oping that the duty on American and
anadian wheat will be removed early
xt year, to help out. The price is
adily rising for corn as well as wheat.

The Florida

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0lorida Ostrich Farm
Jacksonville, Florida

Helpful Hints
(Continued from Sixth Page)
Here in New York city the subject
of athletics for girls has been taken
up and a new branch for public schools
has been planned by prominent women.
At the home of Mrs. James Speyer a
meeting was held which was the cul-
mination of a strong feeling among
representative women of the city that
girls in the public schools ought to
have the same advantage for physical
development that boys enjoy. ,
Several speakers made it quite clear,
however, that the newly born organi-
zation will not countenance uncontrolled
athletic completion between' teams of
girls or teams of boys and girls, nor
aim to make the girls of the city imi-
tations of the boy athletes. On the
contrary, it will, as Miss Grace IH.
)odge, who has been a prime mover
in the cause, indicated, make it one
of the objects to differentiate girls' ath.
leties from boys' athletics, and to open
out new avenues for girls.
"I can't feel that just the same ath-
letics are suited to boys and girls
alike," said Miss Dodge. "For instance,
[ hope our girls are not going into
football. *
"One of the purposes of this organi-
zation should be to discover how girls'
athletic sports should differ from those
of boys. It would be a good thing if
we could offer prizes for the best new
athletic games for girls to play, and
for modifications of boys' games that
would be suitable for girls."
Miss Dodge also touched on the ethi.
cal value to girls of team play.

"More and more," she said, "those
who mix with young women feel that
the latter have not been prepared to
meet all the duties and problems that
confront them. Women have not known
what it means to subordinate the indi-
vidual to the group. It is the same
with girls-they have not learned' to
work together. Besides the value of
athletic work physically to girls, con-
sider what it will mean to them in
this new attitude."


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December 9, 1905


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"A very pretty figure," answered Lady
Mary, her eyes downcast. "But does ic
not hint a notable experience in the
making of such speeches?"
"Tormentress! No. It prove' only
the inspiration it is to know you."
"We English ladies hear plenty of
the like, asir; and we even grow brilliant
enough to detect the assurance that lies
beneath the courtesies of our own gal-
"Merci I I should believe so!"
ejaculated M. de Chateaurien; but he
smothered the words upon his lips.
Her eyes were not lifted. She went
on: "We come, in time, to believe that
true feeling comes faltering forth, not
glibly; that smoothness betokens the
adept in the art, sir, rather than your
true-your true-" She was herself
faltering; more, blushing deeply, and
halting to a full stop in terror of a
word. There wAs a silence.
"Your-true-lover," he said huskily.
When he had said that word both trem-
bled. She turned half away into the
darkness of the coach.
"I know what make' you to doubt
me," he said, faltering himself, though
it was not his art that prompted him.
"They have tol' you the French do
nothing al-ways but make love, is it
not so? Yes, you think I am like that.
You think I am like that now!"
She made no sign.
"I suppose," he sighed, "I am un-
rix'nable; I would have the snow not
so col'-for jus' me.'
She did not answer.
"Turn to me," he said.
The fragrance of the field came to
them, and from the distant the faint,
clear note of hunting horn.
"Turn to me."
The lovely head 'was bent very low.
Her little gloved hand lay upon the
narrow window ledge. He laid his
own gently upon it. The two hands
were shaking like twin leaves in the
breeze. Hers was not drawn away.

Mons. Beaucaire
[Continued from Seventh Page]
There fell a clear September night,
when the moon was radiant over town
and country, over cobbled streets and
winding roads. From the fields the
mists rose slowly, and the air was mild
and fragrant, while distances were white
and full of mystery. All of Bath that
pretended to fashion or condition was
present that evening at a fete at the
house of a country gentleman of the
neighborhood. When the stately junket
was concluded, it was the pleasure of M.
de Chateaurien to form one of the escort
of Lady Mary's carriage for the return.
As they took the road, Sir Hugh Gull-
ford and Mr. Bantison, engaging in in-
distinct but vigorous remonstrance with
Mr. Molyneux over some matter, fell
fifty or more paces behind, where they
continued to ride, keeping up their argu-
ment. Half a dozen other gallants roda
in advance, muttering among themselves,
or attending laxly upon Lady Mary's
aunt on the other side of the coach,
while the happy Frenchman was per-
mitted to ride close to that adorable
window which framed the fairest face in
He sang for her a little French song,
a song of the voyageur who dreamed ot
home. The lady, listening, looking up
at the bright moon, felt a warm drop
upon her cheek, and lie saw the tear"
sparkling upon her lashes.
"Mtfdemoiselle, he whislpxred then,
"1, too, have been n wanderer, but my
dream i were not of France; no, I do not
dream of that home, of that dear coun-
try. It is of a dearer country, a dream
country-a country of gold and snow,"
he cried softly, looking at her white
brow and the fair, lightly powdered lmnir
above it. "Gold and snow, and the blue
of a lady's eyes!"
"I had oughtgt the ladies of France
were dark, sir."
"Cruell It is that she will not under-
stan'I Hnve I speak of the ladies of
France? No, no, not It is of the faires'
country; yes, 'tis a province of heaven.
mademoiselle. Do I not renounce my
allegiance to France? Oh, yes! I amna
subjec'-no, content to be slave-in tihe
lan of the blue sky, the gold, and the

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After a pause, neither knew how long,
he felt the warm fingers turn and clasp
themselves tremulously about his own.
At last she looked up bravely and met
his eyes. The horn was wound again-
"All the cold was gone from the
snows-long ago," he said.
"My beautiful." he whispered; it was
all he should say. "My beautiful I" But
she clutched his arm, startled.
"'Ware the road!" A wild halloo
sounded ahead. The horn wound loud-
ly. "'Ware the road!" There sprang
up out of the night a flying thunder
of hoof-beats. The gentlemen riding
idly in front of the coach scattered
to the hedge-sides; and, with drawn
swords flashing in the moon, a party
of horsemen charged down the high-
way, their cries blasting the night.
"Barber! Kill the barber" they
screamed. "Barber! Kill the barber!
Beaucaire had but time to draw his
sword when they were upon him.
"Amoil" his voice rang out clearly
as he rose in his stirrups. "A mol,
Francois, Louis, Berquitil A mol, Fran-
The cavaliers came straight at him.
He parried the thrust of the first, but
the shock of collision hurled his horse
against the side of the coach.
"Sacred swinel" he cried bitterly.
"To endanger a lady, to make this
brawl in a lady's presence Drive on!"
he shouted.
"No!" cried Lady Mary.
The Frenchman's asailants were
masked, but they were not highway-
men. "Barber! Barber !" they shouted
hoarsely, and closed in on him in a
"See how he use his steel" laughed
M. Beaucaire, as his point passed
through a tawdry waistcoat. For a
moment he cut through the ring and
cleared a space about him, and Lady
Mary saw his face shining in the moon-
light. "Canaille!" he hissed, as his
horse sank beneath him; and, though
guarding g his head from the rain of
blows from above, lie managed to drag
headlong from lis saddle the man who
had hamstrung the poor brute. The
fellow came suddenly to the ground, and
lay there.
"Is it not a compliment," said a
heavy voice, "to bring six large men
to subdue monsieur?"
"Oil, you are there, my frien'l In
the rear-a little in the rear, I think.
Ha, ha!"
The Frenchman's play with his
weapon was a revelation of skill, the
more extraordinary as he held in his
hand only a light dress sword. But
the ring closed about him, and his keen
defense could not avail him for more
than a few moments. Lady Mary's out-
riders, the gallants of her escort, rode
up close to the coach and encircled it,
not interfering.
"Sir Hugh Guilford!" cried Lady
Mary wildly, "if you will not help him,
give me your sword!" She would have
leaped to the ground, but Sir Hugh
held the door.
"Sit quiet, madam," he said to her;
then, to the man on the box, "Drive
"If he does, I'll kill him!" she said
fiercely. "Ah, what cowards! Will you
see the Duke murdered?"
"The Duke!" laughed Guilford
"They will not. kill him, unless-be
easy, dear madam, 'twill he explained.
Gad's life!" he muttered to Molyneux
Twere time the varlet had his lash
ing! D'ye hear her ?"

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Volume I--No. 4


- -W-- r -wriv T rw

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irMtl mRP-A book of 6peelal interest to Orange Grower..
bNli m O *m--Bookleton "Soil,Varieties, Cutivation and Fertilization."
almb MiM"-Booklet on Soil, Seed, Planting and Cultivation, Effect of For.
tilel Diai and Sping."
special interest to Pineapple Growers.
MM -ok showing all our different Brand, Analysia, PriMe, etc.

Wlson a Toomer Ferolizer Company



501 West Bay and 168 ay Strts *

Congress Rye .................................................. A
Henry' l t................................................ 2 00
Henry's Best.................................................. 3 00
Old Monogram .......................................... .... 4 00
My Choice Rye............................................... 600
Holland Oin ..................................... J 50 A l to 8
Corn Whisky......................................I Oto $ 50

Igg p A 4 w
Ho r Rye............................................*.92 75
Hery's ..................................................8 3
Monora n ................................................... 4
SChol Rye............................................... 6 76
Hollad Gin. OfM tar............................ .. 2 76
olnd Gin. oStarw.................................
Holland Gin. w m er................................ 4 0
Henry's Spedal- Mr N.C. Corn................. 8920

We uantee all our oods and refund money mnot sUtl tory.
HENRY rICC, Propriety

, ,; ,


5 Centsper Copy,$2 per Yuar






The second contest for our $100 GiM PrMi will take place in Jacksonville at the Pure Food Exposition
to be held January 4th to 18th, 1J06. The prizes offered are as follows: $100 in gold for the best box
of oranges; $1 for second best; $25 for third best; $50 for best box grape fruit; $25 for second best;
$10 for third best. For full particulars, address,

Fertilizer Coo



Mall Orden receive
sail C-rebi Attention
'l i ,<" I111*' o t l

CPA nlwrs tfor 0 al mum
W-doiq lp* a s ef





36 West

Forsyth Street

Write Now for our
New Catalog.
Satisfaction Guaranteed





Pansy Oplant W" Wtepe
iszs 0.0 w p100i I. s. be
@*me NdsuhOW
aWdo^lps yeN-siad ie,
Is des, $8 pwr100v Lee be













We are giving away a perfect Toy Jewel Range to the Girl under 10 years
of age who makes the most words out of our firm name







Send in your List, with this ad. pinned to it



1 I I I I I
We have an interesting Price List on Sash, Doors and Blinds. Write for it and it will be yours by mail.
Send also for our specially attractive Price List on Stoves.

"Chadwick Pays the Freight"
By giving thia discount from plain figure
cash prices to all purchasers who have

goods shipped to them in Florida .


4 6 PWbiON uml

B. H. Chadwick Furniture Co.
OoCaM M m te d---We Immr o Ctalb.. .W.s
AGENTS WANTED ""'"to seil
The Geo. W. Clark Co. jK .M

O ses B on famous stock fans of
v=.SEXJ. F ORS ALtE,,U Missouri and Kentucky.
Our guarantee means your money back if you don't like your trade.
Corner Forsyth and Cedar Sts. Jacksonville, Fla.

If you must buy
Why not save money?

A Lm I

W me

DOint put It WRITE TODAY, TemorremI my do u w
.....<9 ^*^ ro-r r"A.',.g



0. Painter





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