1 GAINESVILLE, FL gainesville, fl DIGITIZATION PROJECT OF THE CENTURY FALL 2019
DIRECTOR Judith C. Russell EDITOR IN CHIEF Laurie N. Taylor MANAGING EDITOR & DESIGNER COMMUNICATIONS DIRECTOR Barbara Hood ASSOCIATE EDITORS Perry Collins Chelsea Johnston SOURCE COMMITTEE All members listed above and Lauren Adkins April Hines Ellen Knudson Suzanne C. Stapleton CONTRIBUTORS Listed in Table of Contents FIND US ONLINE ufdc.ufl.edu/source journals.flvc.org/source SUBSCRIBE TO SOURCE SOURCE@uflib.ufl.edu CONTACT US Have a story youd like to see featured in SOURCE? Send us your ideas! SOURCE@uflib.ufl.edu SUPPORTING THE LIBRARIES Smathers Libraries thanks you! Support from private donors like you is essential to continue to build the collectionsboth print and electronic and provide outstanding services to students and faculty. Development Office uflib.ufl.edu/giving (352)273-2505 PO Box 117000, Gainesville, FL 32611 352/273.2635 ISSN (PRINT): 2576-5817 ISSN (ONLINE): 2576-5825 COVER STORY 18 ALLIGATOR DIGITIZATION PROJECT Melissa Jerome Project Coordinator, Florida & Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project April Hines Journalism and Mass Communications Librarian
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 3 FALL 2019 Volume 2, Issue 1 5 VR FOR THE SOCIAL GOOD Amanda Kane Access Services Assistant II Samuel R. Putnam Assistant University Librarian 8 BO DIDDLEY BEAT Jim Liversidge Curator of the Popular Culture Collections 14 TRAINING MUSEUM PROFESSIONALS IN THE LIBRARY Lourdes Santamara-Wheeler Exhibits Director Elizabeth Bouton Exhibits Associate 25 FIRST-GEN DAY IN THE LIBRARIES Fletcher Durant Preservation Librarian FEATURES 28 AFFORDABLE UF Ashley Grabowski Perry Collins Scholarly Communications Librarian 31 PUERTO RICO FIELD RESEARCH TRIP Crystal A. Felima, Ph.D. CLIR Postdoctoral Fellow in Caribbean Studies Data Curation (2017-2019) Andrea Figueroa Anthropology major Fernando Javier Romagosa History major, dual minor in Latin American Studies and Anthropology Christian Tirado P olitical Science and History major 36 SOCIAL MEDIA ANTHROPOLOGY PROJECT April Hines Journalism and Mass Communications Librarian 40 LA BIBLIOTECA DE COMUNIDAD HEBREA DE CUBA ONLINE Dr. Rebecca Jefferson Head, Price Library of Judaica, Department of Special and Area Studies Collections TABLE OF CONTENTS
4 JUDITH C. RUSSELL Dean of University Libraries I am pleased to welcome you to our third issue of SOURCE: the Magazine of the University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries published by the LibraryPress@UF. This is an open access journal, distributed primarily in electronic format twice a year. SOURCE offers the reader an opportunity to view remarkable materials from our collections, learn about our innovative research and collaborations conducted both in the Libraries and with other colleagues through out the University and beyond, and explore highlights of exceptional faculty and student services provided by the Smathers Libraries. This issue features fantastic stories highlighting the Libraries work in leveraging technologies for public good, preserving unique collections, and showcasing history. This includes engaging students in new ways: With this issues story on The Alligator newspaper, I am pleased to announce that the full digital archives are now openly available online from the Libraries ( ). As the host for the statewide Florida Digital Newspaper Library, the Libraries take great pride and joy in sharing historical news, and it is especially joyous to share our own history with The Alligator We welcome your feedback and ideas. Please let us know what you think and we hope you enjoy reading this very special issue of SOURCE MESSAGE FROM OUR DEAN OF THE LIBRARIES VR
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 5 LIBRARIES PARTNER WITH VR FOR THE SOCIAL GOOD INITIATIVE I n an era of near constant technological advancement, expense can make it hard to fully explore the potential real-world applications of of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR). VRs trademark head-mounted displays (HMDs) have historically been so expensive the technology having existed since the 1960s. Even as the technology has grown increasingly ubiquitous in the past several years, getting enough headsets, computers, and software to run a VR program is Social Good initiative, has been working to remove those barriers. VR Authors: Amanda Kane, Access Services Assistant II Samuel R. Putnam, Assistant University Librarian FOR SOCIAL G OO D
6 The library loans four Oculus Rift headsets and HTC Vives for use in this space, with the necessary programs available on the MADE@UF lab computers. There are also additional HMDs that may be checked out for use outside of the library: HTC Vive, Microsoft Hololens, Google Daydream, Samsung Gear VR, and most recently, Playstation VR and Magic Leap. These VR headsets have all been purchased using money acquired from grant awards, saving library expenses and making it possible to continue expanding the VR program. This provides students with a wide variety of program types to work with, including devices they might otherwise never be able to experiment with because of the barrier of cost. Meanwhile, the VR for the Social Good initiative connects UF students with an interest in learning about virtual and augmented reality with researchers, innovators, and entrepreneurs who believe that VR can be used as a tool to help solve social good problems. From Spring 2017 to the present, VR for the Social Good runs a course designed to teach students how to create VR experiences designed to create a positive impact on our society. Each semester, the course enrolls approximately 100 students, making it the largest enrollment VR course in the US. VR for the Social Good welcomes students from all disciplines, and required no prior experience with programming to enroll. MADE@UF lab, a dedicated sandbox space for developing The images above show students testing VR experiences created by UF students for the VR for Social Good course at VR for the Social Good Demo Day 2017.
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 7 During the semesters that the course has been offered, the Marston Science Library set aside blocks of time in the MADE@UF lab that were exclusively for the use of students in the course. The students frequently borrowed library HMDs to test the programs that they were building, and were assisted with hardware and software issues by the librarian and MADE@UF director, Samuel Putnam. The Library also maintained a stock of Google Cardboard, inexpensive HMDs that work with smartphones, which were given out to the students free of charge. At the end of each semester, the MADE@ UF lab was again reserved for the class to demo the projects they had worked on. The demos presented some truly innovative ways to use AR/VR technology to enhance the social good. One VR experience let interior design students experience their designs from the vantage point of someone in a wheelchair. Another allowed construction students to virtually tour construction sites too dangerous to visit in person. Yet another experience used a smartphone app to provide a multi-language, AR walking tour for international visitors. In addition to the course, VR for the Social Good also supports GatorVR, a student club dedicated to learning and developing VR. GatorVR meets weekly in MADE@UF at Marston Science Library. These meetings consist of invited presentations from VR experts on campus and beyond. GatorVR also hosts workshops, open to the public, on getting started creating your own VR experience. The club also works on one collaborative VR project a semester that student members present in MADE@UF at the conclusion of each semester. The VR for the Social Good initiative, in partnership with Marston Science Library, has barely scratched the surface when it comes to the potential good that virtual and augmented reality can offer. Images above from YouTube video Empathy in Interior Designusing VR, design students navigate their designs from the perspective of someone who uses a wheelchair. Team: Virtually Awesome Librarians at Marston Science Library will continue to provide opportunities CHECK OUT MORE @ YOUTUBE youtu.be/h0P4zdv8fdM
8 B ack in the spring of 2013, the staff of the University of Florida Department of Special and Area Studies Collec tions hosted a visit by Ellas B. McDaniel (bet ter known by his stage name Bo Diddley) and his son, Ellas Anthony McDaniel, Jr., in the Grand Reading Room of the Smathers Library. The McDaniels were given a tour of the facilities and collections, but before the afternoon visit was complete the staff was treated to an impromptu performance of an ecdotes, poetry, and a few acapella songs, driven by the familiar Bo Diddley Beat. Author: Jim Liversidge Curator of the Popular Culture Collections Bo Diddley at the UF Libraries (2003). Photos by Barbara Hood/UF Libraries
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 9 NEBA Kickoff Party Poster in Boston, MA
10 Sixteen years later, the legacy of this musical titan is preserved in the Department of Special and Area Studies Collections with his ephemera and artifacts now available to University of Florida students and the general public for research in the Grand Reading Room, where Bo Diddley thrilled a small group of librarians in 2003. THE ELLAS B. McDANIEL (BO DIDDLEY) COLLECTION, acquired in 2017 and 2018, represents the life and career of one of the founders of rock and roll who, in the 1950s, played an important role in the shaping of this new musical genre. The Ellas B. McDaniel Collection holds an public performance, and accomplishments of McDaniel, who lived the latter portion of his life in Archer, Florida, near the University of Florida. The collection, established by the George A. Smathers Libraries in collaboration with the Ellas B. McDaniel Irrevocable Trust, ensures the preservation of and access to historical materials particular importance to Floridians. Bo Diddley brought rhythm and blues elements into the new genre and articulated musical themes that became enduring into numerous other areas, and the collection opens avenues for better understanding of technical and performance innovation, and race and gender in the entertainment industry. The archival collection is stewarded by
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 11 the Special Collections and Area Studies Department of the George A. Smathers Libraries with assistance from library specialists. Library experts in Florida history, music, African American Studies, and popular culture continue to work with conservators of rare materials to ensure preservation and public display of materials in Gainesville and across the United States. Curators and conservators at the Smathers Libraries preserved, studied, and exhibited, carefully reviewing and storing materials in boxes and containers designed to ensure long-term preservation of items. While guitars may remain in their original cases at present, conservators separated clothing with tissue paper in boxes made with acid-free paper. Posters have been treated to make them more Each of the boxes and items selected for the collection under goes a series of evaluations and treatments before being made available to researchers or for exhibitions.
12 Known as Bo Diddley since his early days as a musician, he was born in Mississippi in 1928. He began his musical career in Chicago, lived in Washington, D.C., and resided in New Mexico and Florida, before passing away in 2008 in Archer, Florida. Placement of the materials at the University of Florida ensures regular public display of an array of historical materials, a high-quality preservation environment, secure use of the collection, and an institutional commitment to the continued promotion of his musical legacy near a community tied closely to McDaniel and his family, as well as to national audiences. Ellas B. McDaniels body of work performing as Bo Diddley created a bridge between the genres of rhythm and blues and rock and roll, plucking elements from a variety of musical traditions and transforming them into a signature style. Performers from Elvis Presley to todays hip hop and pop artists adopted and adapted that style for their own music. Throughout a career from the mid-twentieth nick name The Originator because of how frequently fellow musicians integrated his innovations into their own styles and performances. McDaniel also broke barriers by prominently featuring female guitarists in his band, unlike any other major male rhythm and blues many African American musicians of the twentieth century, early management contracts positioned him achievements. Elvis Presley and other artists incorporated elements of Bo Diddleys muscular stage movements into their own performances, and others picked up his signature beat. In 1987, Bo Diddley was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, with a Nike commercial a few years afterward highlighting his ongoing name recognition in popular culture. He continued performing until late in life, earning a Grammy nomination and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences in the late 1990s, among other awards. The Ellas B. McDaniel (Bo Diddley) Collection enables these important contributions and new perspectives on United States history to be studied and taught at the University of Florida, which awarded McDaniel an honorary doctorate in 2008 (posthumously). Nike Design, Portland, Oregon, 1989 CHECK OUT MORE ONLINE: ufdc.ufl.edu/DIDDLEY
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 13 CHECK OUT MORE ONLINE: ufdc.ufl.edu/DIDDLEY
14 T he Museum Studies program and the George A. Smathers Libraries have been informally working together for many years. Historically, students from Museum Studies have interned, volunteered, and conducted thesis projects in the campus Libraries. More recently, Library faculty have employed these students to conduct preservation assessments, facilitate collection inventories and re-housing in Special Collections, create interpretive signage for historic buildings, assist in grant writing research, and co-curate exhibitions. As library-collecting practices increasingly incorporated non-archival items such as three-dimensional objects, Master of Science students provide valuable skills in processing and storing such items. The Libraries Exhibits Director is also adjunct faculty for the program and regularly teaches seminar courses that address cultural heritage practices more broadly. Though the University of Florida (UF) does not offer any degrees in Library and Information Science, it offers a competitive program in Authors: Lourdes Santamara-Wheeler, Exhibits Director Elizabeth Bouton, Exhibits Associate L M TRAINING MUSEUM PROFESSIONALS IN THE LIBRARY
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 15 and signals a broader trend in cultural heritage professions and GLAM (Gallery, Library, Archive, Museum) collaboration. As emerging museum professionals, the students gain valuable experience that can help focus their career path. The expertise and willingness to experiment. More often than not, these opportunities are paid assignments, which is rare in Paid individual students often work behind the scenes and thus their efforts are less known to the public. For a more visible result, recent course collaborations best illustrate the growing relationship. In Spring 2017, the Director of Museum Studies (Briley Rasmussen) and the Libraries Exhibits Director (Lourdes Santamara-Wheeler) co-taught the Exhibitions Seminar. The course was driven by student inquiry and was an experiment in collaborative exhibition development processes. The course included 13 students, from across disciplines, who were enrolled in the program. The students were tasked with researching in Special & Area Studies Collections, focusing on an aspect of group roles, they developed a physical and online exhibition with accompanying publicity and educational materials. The result was Florida Tourism | Sunshine and Shadows Presented in the Smathers Library Gallery October 13, 2017 December 14, 2017, Florida Tourism examined the social and racial inequities of tourism in Florida from the late 19th century to 1971, when Walt Disney World opened. It was Images of Museum Studies MA or Certificate Program students enrolled in the Exhibitions Seminar
16 Libraries since the creation of the Exhibits Program in 2012. exhibit developed from a theme rather than a collection. While this collaboration may seem typical at other universities, it is unique in the level of autonomy and access students were given. Drawing on the success of the course and the exhibition, the class was again taught by Santamara-Wheeler in Spring 2019. For the newest iteration of the course, students were grouped by exhibit topic interest, rather than the whole class working on the same exhibition. The smaller group sizes allowed individuals to experience multiple aspects of exhibition development while still going beyond curatorial duties. Proposed exhibitions drew from Special & Area Studies Collections and focused on the Panama Canal during World War II, the Everglades, and University of Florida History. Such broad topics allowed students to focus on aspects that interested them while still answering the question of why it should matter to visitors. All three exhibits were successfully developed and will be presented in Smathers Library in the coming months. The Plaza of the Americas: A Place For examines the iconic Plaza of the Americas (located just steps from the exhibit gallery) as a transformative space for students on campus. The exhibit will be on view Fall 2019 in the Smathers Gallery, on the timeframe, as new students arriving on campus are likely unfamiliar with campus history. Also on view in Smathers Gallery will be Ladies of the Everglades This exhibit looks at environmental conservation efforts that led to the creation of Everglades National Park. In particular, it will focus on the work of May Mann Jennings, Marjory Stoneman
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 17 Douglas, and Minnie Moore Wilson as well as the Florida Federation of Womens of conservation is not ours today, their work had lasting impacts on Floridas natural environment. Questioning the Fog of War: WWII Propaganda in the Panama Canal Zone will be on view in spring 2020 in the Albert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Gallery, on Library. As a key shipping and military asset, the Panama Canal was particularly vul nerable sduring World War II. As such, surrounding residents faced unique challenges in daily life that are illustrated in the publications and ephemera of that era. The exhibit raises the question, is any publication ever truly objective? While exhibitions are the most visible products of the Libraries collaboration with Museum Studies, many other students continue to work behind the scenes learning about the intersections of cultural heritage institutions. CHECK OUT MORE ONLINE: Library Exhibits: exhibits.uflib.ufl.edu Florida Tourism | Sunshine & Shadows: Video: ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00061766/00001
19 INTRO TRACING BACK ALLIGATOR TRACKS When University of Florida graduate and longtime Gainesville resident Ron Perry heard the announcement that UFs student newspaper, The Alligator had been digitized and made available online by the George A. Smathers Halloween 1971. This was the year a Masquerade Ball was held on the Plaza of the Americas, where more than 2,000 people danced in costume to the music of Mudcrutch named Tom Petty. According to The Alligator article covering the event, there I was 16 when I went to this with my older brother, said Perry. It was sort of like a mini-Woodstock where I discovered a new world of music. This was an event he always thought of fondly, and the ability to revisit his past with a few keystrokes was something he never expected. He also found mentions of his father, a well-known professor with the Universitys Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), and even located articles written by his brother, a 1970s Alligator reporter who went on to become a journalism professor at the University of Alabama. For Perry, searching this new digital collection was similar to opening a time capsule with countless connections to his life. Project Coordinator, Florida & Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project April Hines, Journalism and Mass Communications Librarian ufdc.ufl.edu/source GAINESVILLE, FL
HISTORY THE BEGINNING For decades, the George A. Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida have of The Independent Florida Alligator, the largest student-run newspaper in the United States. The paper began printing in 1906 as The University News shortly after the University of Florida opened its campus in Gainesville. During this time, the paper was published semi-monthly. It changed its name to The Florida Alligator in 1912, and by 1915 was being printed by University College of Journalism students on campus in a press room located in the basement of Peabody Hall. It became governed by the Faculty Committee on Student Publications and later by the Board of Student Publications. In 1973, the newspaper became independent and began printing under the new title of The Independent Florida Alligator. The Libraries house over 160 thousands of print issues in Special Collections for the years 1912 through 2004. Each year the Libraries receive several requests for access to historic issues of The Alligator expressing interests in researching topics related to development of campus, student government, campus events, student activism, growth of minority groups on campus, and more. 20 FALL 2019
21 For several years, the Libraries have digitized historic issues of The Alligator upon request and as funds have been available. Through a partnership with Alligator editors, the Libraries have also provided access to issues published from 2005 to present in the University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC) Alligator However, there were large gaps in the digitized content. Many issues were only available on housed in Smathers Library or the Alligator exact date or citation, one would stumble across related material. The inability to search the full text across issues meant that a great deal of information was largely hidden from journalists, research ers, students, and members of the general public. Previous Alligator staff mem into their own hands without realizing just how much goes into a digitization project of this size. Said one Alligator alumna who shared the announcement on Twitter, When I was at The Alligator, scanner & started a project to deliver a searchable database for 90+ years of publications. It chugged along for years, rightfully second to delivering the news. I happening with expert support!! With funding from an endow Director and Senior Associate Dean for Scholarly Resources and Services in the Libraries, was able to start The Alligator Digitization Project, with the goal of providing free, online access to all issues of The Independent Florida Alligator These newly digitized issues complement the digitized material already available in UFDC, providing access to the complete Alligator archive housed by the Libraries and over 100 years of content. ALLIGATOR DIGITIZATION PROJECT From September 2017 through August 2019, the endowment enabled the digitization of 163 ufdc.ufl.edu/source
ALLIGATOR CONTENT The Alligator is a chronicle of the student perspective of the University of Florida and life in Gainesville. Digitization of this archive has unearthed articles about the development of campus, including the construction of many still-standing campus buildings, such as the Florida Gym, the Florida Museum, and Century Tower. Student journalists of The Alligator covered campus life during the World Wars, the shift to a co-ed campus, and the debates leading up to racial integration. The Alligator included reports on activities of student minority groups such as the Hispanic Student Association on-campus fraternities and sororities are also featured. The Universitys scholarly output and educational advancements were also covered extensively in The Alligator, including the development of the tutoring center on campus, the Whitney Laboratorys ground social sciences professor after whom the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program is named. And of course, one can UFs Dr. Robert Cade and the controversies that ensued over who should hold the rights to the revolutionary The paper has published stories about the origins Homecoming, and Gator Growl. Coverage of sports tennis, volleyball, and soccer demonstrates The Alligators unwavering interest and support for Gator sports. It also includes student-drawn political and sports-related cartoons. Several ads for Gainesville with local news coverage of Santa Fe, Silver Springs, and the origins of the Hippodrome State Theatre. One of the most exciting types of coverage that can be found in The Alligator is reporting on nationally Rolling Stones and Red Hot Chili Peppers as well as Seinfeld. Several artists performed at UF before reaching the height of their fame. 22 FALL 2019 Volume 2, Issue 1
23 WHY IS ACCESS IMPORTANT? Providing a digital archive of more than 100 years of news not only greatly extends access to valuable UF and Gainesville material, what some refer to as the black hole of newspaper digitization. While newspapers from the last thirty years or so can often be found in commercial news databases such as Lexis-Nexis, and is considered part of the public domain, a large amount of news in our history such as World War II, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Womens Liberation Movement. However, thanks to The Alligator Digitization Project, such information is now just a keyword search away, and told from a unique, local, and student perspective. Such access will be greatly appreciated by researchers and authors like Marty Jourard, author of the book Music Everywhere: The Rock and Roll Roots of a Southern Town which discusses Jourard in response to a Facebook post about the digitization project, I came from Seattle to Gainesville twice for research on my book and turned every page of every edition from 1963 through 1976 (large bound volumes) and took digital photos of articles of interest. I could not have written the book without those back issues of The Florida Inde pendent Alligator. Marty Jourard ufdc.ufl.edu/source
24 Having a searchable database that reaches beyond the papers physical copies is also incredibly valuable for todays newspaper staff. Alligator reporters have often turned to their print archives to track down information such as the name of government and the origins of the universitys African American Studies program. When Richard Spencer came to speak at the University of Florida in 2017, many wondered if there had been similar controversial speakers on campus in the past, and how those situations were handled by UF administration. The answer laid within the pages of The Alligator with 52 results appearing after a search for controversial speaker in the digital collection. Said prior Alligator editor-in-chief Melissa Gomez, who met with library staff when The Alligator digitization being planned, When we pub lish stories, we do it not only to inform the public but to remind them of history. The digitization of our archives means future members of the Gainesville community will be able to look back and know how the community felt about past events. Gomez is now a reporter for the Los Angeles Times This speaks volumes about The Alligators impressive legacy, which has started the careers of numerous reporters, editors, photographers, etc. who have worked for some of the worlds largest news publications and media outlets. Now many are turning to the newly digitized Alligator archive to @uflib OUTRE ACH Remember, the entire archive is text-searchable and freely accessible online! Visit the UFDC Alligator collection to view the content. www.ufdc.ufl.edu/alligator Content from these historic issues is also regularly featured on the Libraries social media accounts. FOLLOW US! 2018 STAFF Melissa Gomez 1958 STAFF
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 25 O n November 8, 2018, a team of Smathers Libraries volunteers, all dressed in green, set up a table on the Plaza of the Americas to participate in National First-Gen Day and the First-Generation College generation UF students spun a wheel to learn about resources that the Libraries have to support undergrad uates as they pursue their education and to win prizes. Libraries staff shared information about reference assistance, Special Collections, study spaces, 3D printing, and other key library resources. For their time, students also got to collect door prizes such as Smathers Libraries branded sunglasses and 3D printed gators donated by Marston and Library West staff. NATIONAL FIRST-GEN DAY CELEBRATION Author: Fletcher Durant, Preservation Librarian #CELEBRATEFIRSTGEN #FIRSTGENUF
26 FALL 2019 Volume 2, Issue 1 The First-Generation College Celebration was started by the Council for Opportunity in Education and the Center for First-Generation Student Success in 2017 as part of the 53rd anniversary of the signing of the 1965 Higher Education Act, which strengthened Federal support and programs in order to increase enrollment among under-privileged populations in higher education. The purpose of the day is to celebrate our many First-Gen students; to increase awareness of the growing number of First-Gen students, faculty, and staff on campus; and to recognize the contributions that First-Gen students and graduates make to our communities. Here at UF, over 20% of our college students. First-Gen students at UF are a more ethnically diverse group than our student body overall, but also have lower fourand six-year graduation rates. The Universitys Success is heavily invested in supporting our students from before admission to after graduation through the development of academic success strategies, understanding and sup identities, connecting students to peer mentors, and offering guidance to campus resources. Through the work of Life Coaching, Gator Law Mentoring Program, and First-Gen Advocate Program, UF has been selected by in Higher Education as a First Forward Institution to receive additional support and resources to grow our programs. UF is also home to the Machen Florida Opportunity Scholars Program, academically talented First-Gen students in every entering undergraduate class. Over the past 12 years, 1,924 Opportunity Scholars have earned UF degrees, with one out of six continuing on to pursue graduate or professional degrees. AS WE PLAN FOR THE NE XT ROUND OF THE LIBRARIES ACTIVITIES FOR NATIONAL FIRST-GEN D AY ON NOVEMBER 8, 2019, WE HOPE TO E XPAND OUR OFFERINGS AND OPPORTUNITIES TO ENGAGE WITH STUDENTS AND SHARE ALL THAT THE LIBRARIES AND LIBRARIES STAFF HAVE TO OFFER. Photos of First-Gen Employees in the Libraries Celebrating CHECK OUT MORE AT:
27 ufdc.ufl.edu/source Success announced their plans to host a National First-Gen Day picnic celebration in front of Library West, staff were excited for the oppor tunity to connect directly with students and to share information about the many ways that the Libraries can support our undergraduates academic success and the Universitys commit ment to supporting talented students regardless of their background or needs. The students, too, were excited to learn about what the Libraries have to offer beyond books and study spaces. Many students were surprised to learn about our 3D printers and amazed by the M3D printers that are free to checkout and use for community members. Other students raved about the One Button Studio in West, whether they had used it for class assignments or personal use. Tabling at the picnic provided an opportunity to connect with students who may not know what services to expect from a large academic library, and teaching students, many of whom were fresh men, about the Libraries allows them to engage with us over the course of their careers at UF. The Libraries support for our First-Gen students also goes beyond a single afternoons engagement. Many of our librarians and staff volunteer as First-Gen Advocates, offering 1-on1 advice sessions on career planning, including: S TEPHANIE BIRCH African American Studies Librarian JE AN BOSSERT Engineering Librarian LISA CAMPBELL Instruction and Outreach Librarian MEGAN D ALY Librarian of Classics, Philosophy, and Religion SARA GONZALE Z Associate Chair for Marston Science Library MICHELLE NOLAN Chemical Sciences Librarian MELODY ROYSTER Agricultural Sciences Librarian ASHLEY V AUGHT Library West Stacks Manager #FIRSTGENUF UF LIBRARIES ARE A FIRST-GENS BEST FRIEND CHECK OUT MORE AT:
28 FALL 2019 Volume 2, Issue 1 STUDENT GOVERNMENT ORANGE & BLUE BOOK DRIVE Authors: Ashley Grabowski, Perry Collins, Scholarly Communications Librarian In spring of the 2019-2020 academic year, Student Government Internal Affairs Director Brett Oehrle was inspired by a Facebook Group commonly used by University of Florida students the UF Textbook Exchange in which students buy and sell used textbooks students are unable or unwilling to go through the effort to resell their Oehrle saw this as an opportunity to make a difference.
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 29 The average college student can expect to spend over $1200 per year as a result, a 2017 survey found that over 85% of college students delay or avoid purchasing course materials, impeding their Government grew tired of seeing students struggle to afford BY THE NUMBERS A 2018 survey of 21,400 Florida students showed the negative consequences when students arent able to afford textbooks. (Florida Virtual Campus) ESTIMATED COST OF BOOKS & SUPPLIES, 2019-2020 AVERAGE LOAN FOR GRADUATING UF UNDERGRADUATES, 2017-2018 TOTAL AMOUNT UF STUDENTS RECEIVED IN NEED-BASED PELL GRANTS 2017-2018 DONT BUY REQUIRED BOOKS TAKE FEWER COURSES DONT REGISTER FOR A COURSE DROP A COURSE 64 % 43 % 41 % 23 % IMPACT OF TEXTBOOK COST ON STUDENT PROGRESS $21,713 $1,190 $55,561,778
30 O ehrle knew that many students would be happy to pass their used books along to future Gators if it were convenient to do so; they just needed a more accessible process. Oehrle decided to spearhead the Student Government Textbook Drive, an initiative to meet students at times and locations that were easy for them in order to encourage textbook reuse across campus. Oehrle began by reaching out to the George A. Smathers Libraries to determine how the Libraries could easily put textbooks received from the drive into the hands of future students. The Libraries have long made copies of highly used textbooks available through the course reserves program, which provides students with access to both hard copy and electronic resources they need in the classroom. By keeping a copy or two of many textbooks available, the Libraries support students who may be unable to afford their own copies. Because of the number of UF courses and the every book, so a textbook drive offered one appealing way to collect some much-needed resources. In collaboration with the Inter-Residence Hall Association (IRHA), Oehrle mapped out a Student Government and IRHA coordinated locations at residence halls across campus where students could drop off textbooks as they moved out at the end of the spring semester. Doing so made donating textbooks just as easy as discarding them. On the Libraries end, a cross-departmen tal team collabo rated to pick up donated books and to select titles that would be valuable to future students. The course reserves team, led by Lily Pang and Paul McDonough, selected nearly 30 books across subjects as diverse as microeconomics, public health, political science, and media studies. Pang and other Libraries colleagues are exploring other ways to increase the number of text books available on reserve for students in large STEM courses. Oehrle recognizes that textbook afford the University of Florida has a better chance at addressing affordable education when it comes together to develop solutions. He said that the textbook drive would not have been possible without the collaboration of groups across campus, including Student Government, the Libraries, and the IRHA. With continued collaboration, he hopes that someday no student will have to choose between textbooks and necessary life expenses like rent or food. In the meantime, he believes the Student Government Textbook Drive is a step in the right direction: students coming together to pass along what they have learned and to help one another.
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 31 SPONSORED BY CENTER OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES & INTERNATIONAL CENTER PUERTO RICO RESEARCH TUTORIAL PROGRAM Authors: Crystal A. Felima, Ph.D., CLIR Postdoctoral Fellow in Caribbean Studies Data Curation (2017-2019) with Andrea Figueroa, Anthropology major Fernando Javier Romagosa, History major, dual minor in Latin American Studies and Anthropology Christian Tirado, Political Science and History major
32 The central research question that guided this summer program was: What do disaster experiences of Hurricane Maria, narrated by those in Puerto Rico, reveal about disaster risk, citizenship, and nationhood? Photos taken throughout this articleunless otherwise specifiedare from in the field and at an Independence March in Old San Juan at the Plaza de Armas credit: Crystal Felima Above, stands a vulnerable home nearby a Hurricane Maria landslide. Taken at Los Quemados, Lares credit: Christian Tirado Above, stands a wooden home draped in a blue tarp. Taken at the Invasion Corridor of Galateo, Toa Alta credit: Christian Tirado
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 33 I n Spring 2019, I applied for a Research Tutorial Research grant to develop and facilitate an undergraduate research program in the Caribbean. Sponsored by the Center of Latin American Studies and the International Center, the research program provided opportunities for faculty to bring so that the students could participate in research in Latin America and the Caribbean. The program aimed to offer students an invaluable research experience that could shape their students perceptions and understanding of the human experience in the Caribbean. Awarded the grant, the program was originally planned for Haiti due to my research experience on the island. However, due to political demonstrations throughout the country, the U.S. Department of State issued a Level 4 travel warning [Do Not Travel] on April 15, 2019. As a result, the University of Florida cancelled all of their student abroad programs to the country. Luckily, Puerto Rico became an acceptable option! Puerto Rico, a Caribbean island and territory of the United States, is still recovering from Hurricane Maria in 2017. The change from Haiti to Puerto Rico required me to solicit new students applications for participation in the research program. I sent a call for applications to UFs Puerto Rican student organization. Within 24 hours, I received 15 applications. After brief interviews, I selected three students: Andrea Figueroa, Fernando Romagosa, and Christian Tirado. These students all displayed strong academic Andrea, Fernando, and Christian have high cultural ties to Puerto Rico, and a social science background in Anthropology, Latin American History, and Political Science. The central research question that guided this summer program was, What do disaster experiences of Hurricane Maria, narrated by those in Puerto Rico, reveal about disaster risk, citizenship and nationhood? Using anthropological tools and methods, the program explored various themes such as aid and support, criticisms of the State(s), nationhood, and citizenship. To document individual and collective experiences, this research relied on narrative research; the primary methodology of my 12 years of Caribbean disaster research (including southern Haiti). During the four-week research program, I conducted research training to provide my students with content on disaster studies, the Caribbean, and Puerto use tools in digital humanities and anthro pological research. Students learned how to use ethnographic methods and digital technology to accomplish three objectives: The central research question that guided this summer program was: What do disaster experiences of Hurricane Maria, narrated by those in Puerto Rico, reveal about disaster risk, citizenship, and nationhood?
34 1) to identify common themes, categories, and associations regarding disaster risk and structural inequalities; 2) to document the collective discourses and understandings of aid and governance; and 3) to publicly share narratives and visual/audio materials to highlight the human experience and the need for local knowledge. During the program, we lived in San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico, and we made shorter trips throughout the island to collect data to com pare experiences. We interviewed emer gency managers in various municipali ties and also local sur vivors of Hurricane Maria. My student re searchers found that narrative research contributes to broad er socio-cultural understandings of disasters, governance, and nationhood. From their blog posts, students shared how anthropological methods allowed them to engage in critical discussions on the human experience in Puerto Rico. Also, students captured videos, audio, and photos to include in our digital storytelling project. We are currently in the transcription and translation phase of the and the digital project by the end of the Fall 2019 semester. The collaborative digital storytelling project will highlight the narratives and students experiences. Thus far, students located potential research sites on Google Maps. In addition, students utilized TimelineJS to input key informa tion that correlates to Hurricane Maria. Narratives and photos will be embedded in StoryMapJS to showcase the results and the students efforts. This program aims to contribute to engaged anthropology and public humanities as it provides a learning experience that speaks to policy, advocacy, and engaged students learned the intersections of disaster risk, vulnerability, and history of Puerto Rico and the Carib bean. Engagement ible, aware of the complexities of the socio-economic and political contexts of Puerto Rico, and detail-oriented in their approach and methodology. As an applied anthropol ogist and disaster researcher, I believe it is essential to provide students with opportunities to explore critical issues facing the human experience. Further, I advocate for digital humanities because it offers students a plat form to highlight their experience, research progress, and creativity. As we complete the digital humanities project, I look forward to seeing how my students engage in critical issues and share their insights on our en to the Center of Latin American Studies, the International Center, the George A. Smathers Libraries, and all of our research participants and collaborators in Puerto Rico for supporting this research program and undergraduate students. Image taken in Utuado credit: Fernando Romagosa
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 35 The hope of the people is a pervasive theme in the interviews. A damning colonial status, a decade of economic recession, a plunder by among even worse symptoms of Puerto Rican terminality, would seem to erode any spirit. And in la Isla del Encanto, I feel it has. Many of our storytellers stated government unpreparedness as cause of the mass casualty, expressing little faith in much changing. They expect better and their patience is waning, understandably. However, most people do hold unwavering hope in the ability and future of their fellow Islanders. Very few denied Puerto Rico, as a people, would rise to this occasion of the current trials and tribulations facing them all. Although they conceded to government help easing this process of growth, the Puerto Rican we interviewed believed that they, as a collective of individuals, will overcome. Perhaps continued injustice or belief in the unseen strengthen this resilience, but this audacious hope for change is hard to dismiss. And I fully believe in this cure, too. This research experience has not only helped me grow as a young researcher, itself in. In the past I have been guilty of ignoring the crisis, pretending every thing is okay, and believing Puerto Rico is getting back up. I genuinely believe this experience has helped me become a more conscious citizen of Puerto Rico. educate the public and that these results can be a tool in doing so. Andrea Figueroa CHECK OUT MORE ONLINE ON THIS RESEARCH TUTORIAL ABROAD PROGRAM IN PUERTO RICO: crystalfelima.com/puerto-rico El pueblo not the government supported me and others through this trial, as always. We do not need to rise up, because we have never fallen. Christian Tirado
36 BRINGING VISUAL ANTHROPOLOGY TO THE ACADEMIC LIBRARY Authors: April Hines, Journalism and Mass Communications Librarian At a time when library spaces and services understand our users and how best to reach them. Are students viewing their library experiences positively? Is there a gap between what we think they want and what they actually want? As the Journalism and Mass Communications Librarian for the George A. Smathers Libraries, I spend a lot of time helping advertising and public relations students research their target audiences for optimal engagement. @uflib
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 37 W hile exploring the social media platform Instagram, I stumbled across a photo that had been posted by a student studying in our main humanities the image, a pair of sneakers were propped up on a window sill overlooking the Plaza of the Americas as light streamed into the building. Underneath the photo was the caption The library is my home followed by the hashtags #uf #reading #librarywest. Since a hashtag links together all content described with the same keyword(s), I immediately clicked on #librarywest. What I found was a collection of more than 500 student-generated photos that were taken in (or related to) our library. Several students had also claimed Library West as their location while posting to Instagram, which linked to even more relevant photos. That day I discovered a treasure trove of unmediated data that could play a key role in helping us better understand how students view and use our library spaces and resources. Searches across other social media platforms such as Snapchat yielded similar results, and I also found images for other UF library branches such as the Marston Science Library. Yet the question remained these photos? What is the best way to collect, organize and analyze visual content? Gone are the days of the library as an oppressive third space.
38 FALL 2019 Volume 2, Issue 1 Enter Hannah Toombs, a UF anthropology graduate student who specializes in visual anthropology. In yet another chance moment, Hannah asked our European Studies Librarian, Hlne Huet, if there were any digital humanities opportunities available within our graduate student internship program. Hlne was familiar with, and supportive of, the project idea, and told Hannah that in fact we had access to hundreds of student photos we were hoping to analyze. She knew that having someone who is an expert on using photographs to better understand communities would be the perfect person to take this project to the next level. We submitted an application to fund a visual anthropology intern who could help was thankfully awarded by the Libraries Internship Program Committee. The Smathers Graduate Student Internship Program provides semester-based internships for graduate students in the UF Libraries in conjunction with academ ic units. Interns are paid a living wage of $15 an hour, and the experience is meant to complement the students academic career while also providing for their professional development. Students are not necessarily interested in becoming librarians, but their skills can match library needs while giving them valuable opportunities to put research into practice within their own disciplines. Over the Summer 2018 semester, with Hlne and I serving as co-intern supervisors, years worth of social media data posted by UF students using library hashtags or location tags. The images were then uploaded to a shared drive and categorized and labeled based on common trends and themes. Additionally, Hannah organized a focus group with students to record their reactions to content posted by their peers. She retrieved photos from four different social media platforms, Instagram, Snapchat, Twitter and Facebook, with Instagram by far producing the most content with over 1,500 photographs pulled from that site alone. Hannah divided the collected photo graphs into 20 categories, revealing themes such as library landscapes and architecture, and humor. One of the largest and most surprising categories that emerged was wishing to be somewhere else. In these The library is my home.
39 ufdc.ufl.edu/source photos, students have a UF Library listed as their location, yet are posting glamourous vacation shots of all sorts of places, from tropical islands to scenic mountain views. Captions revealed that undergrads use these photos to help them through especially stressful times of the semester, as they fantasize about previous Spring Break trips or use summer plans to motivate them studying in the library, their minds are often somewhere else. Results from the student focus group showed that UF students truly view their library experiences as an essential compo nent of college life gone are the days of the library as an oppressive third space. For one I spend more time here than my apartment. This sense of home helps us understand why many UF library spaces have become increasingly more social as students come not only for quiet study, but also for a place to collaborate, meetup, and be seen. Students also explained that posting humorous images and memes about the Libraries help them cope with academic pressures while allowing them to feel more connected to each other. Its relatableI guess it makes the struggle of what youre doing easierif you make a joke it alleviates some of the stress, said another attendee. Looking to the future, Hannahs summer internship was just the beginning. After analyzing the many categories of photos and the focus group transcript, the three of us strategies. For example, students told us they want more branded library merchandise, which prompted us to give out orange and blue coffee mugs with Up All Night at Library West engraved on them. These mugs have become one of our most popular promotional items with students. Hannah, Hlne, and I have presented about the project at national anthropology and library conferences, and are currently working on a Finally, we are interested in developing a physical or virtual photo exhibit showcasing some of the amazing images that were taken in or of our spaces. The further we dive in, the more we realize that the Smathers Libraries Visual Anthropology Project has become the gift that keeps on giving. Wishing to be Somewhere Else Landscape & Architecture Library Resources Study Spaces Nostalgia Food Some of the favorite student generated photos that matched various categories
40 O ne such project, part of the George A. Smathers Libraries Celebrating Cuba! initiative, has enabled the digitization of rare publications from the historic synagogue library in Havana, Cuba. The synagogue library (la Biblioteca) was established in 1955 as part of a new community center, known as la Casa de la Co munidad Hebrea de Cuba. This large build ing complex, designed by Cuban architect Aquiles Capablanca, was built to meet the needs of a growing and thriving Jewish population (estimated at between 10,000 to 15,000 people) and, in addition to offering religious services, it was also meant to serve as a gathering space for inter-communal events and cross-cultural exchanges. According to a report in the librarys own journal Ha-Sefer (the book), la Bibliotecas opening ceremony took place on October 4, 1955, with about 400 community members in attendance. The inauguration featured speeches by two distinguished guests, Dr. Lilia Castro de Morales, Director of the National Li brary of Cuba, and Dr. Guillermo Francovich, UNESCOs Director General for the Western Hemisphere, both of whom promised wider community cooperation with the library. Abraham Marcus Matterin, an author, community leader, and the new library Director, delivered the main speech, explaining the reasoning behind the librarys establishment, how it promised to support the communitys intellectual and cultural growth, and how it would serve the educa tional needs of their youth. The inauguration ended with the ceremonial placing of the LA BIBLIOTECA DE COMUNIDAD HEBREA DE CUBA ONLINE Authors: Dr. Rebecca Jefferson, Head, Price Library of Judaica, Department of Special and Area Studies Collections GEORGE A SMATHERS LIBRARIES CELEBRATING CUBA! INITIATIVE
ufdc.ufl.edu/source 41 established state of Israel. as recorded in Ha-Sefer the library was exceptionally busy: by the summer of 1958, it had gained 252 donors; almost 7,000 books a gift of books from the University of Havana), and 5,248 items had been borrowed by 606 registered borrowing members. The library also held several book exhibitions, including one celebrating Cuban-Jewish authors and one on the life of Jos Mart; it hosted an Israeli philatelic exhibition and another commemorat ing 350 years of Rembrandt. The communitys enthusiasm for its library was manifest in the number of fundraising events, such as banquets, musical soires and bridge tournaments held to support its growth. Sadly, this lively and informative journal was never published again as greater events would overtook the community and its library. In response to the Cuban Revolution, and the resulting nationalization of private businesses under the communist regime, most of Cubas Jews had left the island by the early 1960s. Those who remained went into what historians have described as a dormant state enabling the community to continue functioning under a political system outwardly opposed to religious practice. Indeed, the almanac ceased to be published after 1960 and Comunitarias the last community publication from that period, already reveals in its slim pages that leadership changes had occurred and that activities by comparison had diminished.
42 FALL 2019 Volume 2, Issue 1 Nevertheless, la Biblioteca continued to be managed by Matterin until his death in 1983. Although it did not expand in the way Gurwitz, General Secretary of the Board of Trustees, had declared in Ha-Sefer : [the library] must grow and develop continuously, contents continued to serve as a great resource for the local population. Today, Adela Dworin, the community president, champions the librarys historic importance and campaigns tirelessly for its upkeep. In 2018, I visited Cuba together with Dean Judith Russell and Professor Lillian Guerra to initiate a digitization partnership with the synagogue. Adela Dworin shared the librarys inventory of books and our team produced a priority scanning list. A UF graduate student, Lauren Krebs, was hired to scan on site between June and August; Krebs was followed by another graduate student, Katie Coldiron who completed the project from October to December. The scanned materials have since been uploaded to our new Cuban Judaica website (https:// The website contains the librarys rarer pieces, particularly Cuban-Jewish imprints and those pertaining to the communitys history, such as the abovementioned li brary journal Ha-Sefer and the communitys almanac, Havaner Lebn ( Vida Habanera or Havana Life). Historic photographs were also scanned, some of which show the various events that had taken place in la Biblioteca during its heyday. Nine issues of the short-lived, Havana-based, Spanish-language journal Israelia edited by Matterin, are also available. The complete run of the journal was only previously available in hardcopy at la Biblioteca. Other rare books, now freely available to researchers online, include works by Cuban Jewish authors, most notably the great Yiddish poet, Eliezer Aronowski. Arguably, one of the most important pieces published in Havana, and now in the new online collection, is Aronowskis Yiddish historical work, In kontsentratsye-lager Bukhenvald Havana, 1939, which was the concentration camp ever published. All of the writings produced by members of the vibrant Jewish cultural group la Agrupacion Cultural Hebreo-Cubana are included in the Cuban Judaica collection. Established in February 1953, la Agrupacion aimed to promote greater community synthesis through the organization of cultural events, such as public talks, an active publishing program As stated in the groups 14-page list of regulations they also created the Comisin de Bibliotecas (libraries commission) to assemble and organize Jewish libraries in Cuba. The group founders were among Cubas leading Jewish intellectuals, and many of them were actively involved in creating la Casa de la Comunidad Hebrea de Cuba and its Biblio teca. Their documents largely pertaining to la Agrupacions operational activities, are likewise now available online; these records include the issued to the group in 1960 by the governments department of associations.
43 The digital collection of these important publications and documents will enable scholars around the world to gain access to little-seen research materials and to gain further insights into a rich and diverse CHECK OUT MORE ONLINE:
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